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Union douanière au sein de l'UEMOA. Une analyse quantitative

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  • Bernard Decaluwé
  • Yazid Dissou
  • André Patry

Abstract

In this paper, we evaluate the potential effects of a customs union’s creation among the UEMOA (West-African Economic and Monetary Union) countries. We develop a computable static and multi-country general equilibrium model to analyze the reform’s impact in each country. Our simulation results highlight diversity in the gains and the required adjustment within the union members. The reform is welfare improving in almost every country, and it has a positive impact on regional and non-regional trade flows, with a redistribution of foreign savings within the Union. Our results also point out a trade-off between welfare gain and the loss of tariff revenues. The complete removal of tariffs within the Union and the application of common external tariffs induce painful adjustments in government finances in many countries. Classification JEL : C68, F13, F15

Suggested Citation

  • Bernard Decaluwé & Yazid Dissou & André Patry, 2001. "Union douanière au sein de l'UEMOA. Une analyse quantitative," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 52(4), pages 811-830.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_524_0811
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    Cited by:

    1. Sokhna Diarra MBOUP & Racky BALDE & Thierno Malick DIALLO & Christian Arnault EMINI, 2016. "L’impact des réformes commerciales sur l’emploi et le bien-être dans les pays de la CEDEAO : le cas du Sénégal," Working Papers MPIA 2016-26, PEP-MPIA.
    2. FE, Doukouré Charles, 2010. "Réduction de Droits de Douane et Convergence Réelle dans l'UEMOA
      [Tariffs Reduction and Real Convergence in WAEMU]
      ," MPRA Paper 26763, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Nlemfu Mukoko, Jean Blaise & Wabenga Yango, James, 2011. "Zone de libre échange de la sadc et économie de la RDCongo :Création de commerce et Bien-être?
      [Implications of joining the SADC Free Trade Agreement on the D.R.Congo economy]
      ," MPRA Paper 65050, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jun 2015.
    4. Franck Viroleau, 2015. "The Evolution of Gender Wage Inequality in Senegal Following the Economic Partnership Agreements," EconomiX Working Papers 2015-10, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    5. Dorothée Boccanfuso & Antonio Estache & Luc Savard, 2009. "Electricity Reforms In Mali: A Macro-Micro Analysis Of The Effects On Poverty And Distribution," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 77(1), pages 127-147, March.
    6. Joseph-François Cabral, 2013. "Corruption, croissance et pauvreté : le cas du Sénégal," Cahiers de recherche 13-03, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
    7. Decaluwé, B. & Dumont, J.-C. & Mesplé-Somps, S. & Robichaud, V., 2000. "Union économique et mobilité des facteurs; le cas de l'Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest Africain (UEMOA)," Cahiers de recherche 0009, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
    8. Abdoulaye Diagne & François Joseph Cabral & Fatou Cisse & Mamadou Dansokho & Samba Ba, 2007. "Politiques commerciales, intégration régionale, pauvreté et distribution de revenus au Sénégal/Trade Policies, Regional Integration, Poverty and Income Distribution in Senegal," Working Papers MPIA 2007-15, PEP-MPIA.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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