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Food Security, Agricultural Efficiency and Regional Integration


  • Bello, Amelia L.


Food security remains a major concern among the APEC member economies. A simple and crude exercise shows that the region collectively could supply each member economy’s demands for rice, maize and wheat. Thus, there is a potential role for enhanced intra-APEC agricultural trade to address food security issues. However, economies may be reluctant to abandon a policy of pursuing self-sufficiency because of “political sensitivities†and because of the uncertainties that trade is sometimes associated with. While tariffs and subsidies have been addressed, nontrade barriers such as sanitary and phyto-sanitary conditions are imposed on agricultural commodities. Hence, regional cooperation must also be pursued along other grounds such as institutional support and the dissemination of technological advancements. In addition, a collective definition of food security must be answered by the 21 member economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Bello, Amelia L., 2004. "Food Security, Agricultural Efficiency and Regional Integration," Discussion Papers DP 2004-38, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:phd:dpaper:dp_2004-38

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. David, Cristina C., 1996. "Food: Is a Crisis Looming," Discussion Papers DP 1996-09, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    2. Mellor, John W & Johnston, Bruce F, 1984. "The World Food Equation: Interrelations among Development, Employment, and Food Consumption," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 22(2), pages 531-574, June.
    3. David, Cristina C., 1999. "Constraints to Food Security: The Philippine Case," Discussion Papers DP 1999-31, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    4. Mitchell,Donald O. & Ingco,Merlinda D. & Duncan,Ronald C., 1997. "The World Food Outlook," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521589840, November.
    5. Siamwalla, Ammar & Valdes, Alberto, 1980. "Food insecurity in developing countries," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 5(4), pages 258-272, November.
    6. Unknown, 1961. "The Role of Agriculture in Economic Development," International Journal of Agrarian Affairs, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 3(2), pages 1-1, April.
    7. Gerald I. Trant, 1989. "Agriculture's Contribution to Development," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 37(4), pages 805-812, December.
    8. David, Cristina C., 1999. "Constraints to Food Security: The Philippine Case," Philippine Journal of Development JPD 1999 Vol. XXVI No.2-a, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dutta, Dilip & Hirawan, Fajar, 2017. "The Role of Indonesia-ASEAN Trade in Achieving Food Security in Indonesia," Working Papers 2017-13, University of Sydney, School of Economics.

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