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Cuesta arriba para los afroperuanos: Evidencia de la discriminación en el acceso al mercado laboral de Lima Metropolitana

Listed author(s):
  • Francisco Galarza

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico)

  • Gustavo Yamada

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico)

  • Carlos Zelada

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico)

Usando un método experimental que consiste en enviar CV ficticios pero creíbles para candidatos de origen blanco y afroperuanos en Lima Metropolitana, encontramos evidencia de una menor preferencia para contactar y contratar a profesionales afrodescendientes, a pesar de ostentar un nivel de capital humano similar al de sus contrapartes de origen blanco. En estos empleos, los afroperuanos reciben 38% menos llamadas que los peruanos de origen blanco, a pesar de poseer ambos similares niveles de capital humano. Esta conducta discriminatoria, sin embargo, no resulta estadísticamente significativa en el caso de las ocupaciones técnicas ni de aquellas que requieren baja calificación. Observamos, además, que la apariencia física tiene un efecto significativo en las tasas de respuesta de las tres categorías ocupacionales: los candidatos no agraciados son preferidos en los empleos profesionales y técnicos; y los candidatos atractivos, lo son en los empleos no calificados. Finalmente, no se aprecia un trato diferenciado basado en el sexo y la raza para empleos técnicos y no calificados.

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File URL: http://srvnetappseg.up.edu.pe/siswebciup/Files/DD1503%20Cuesta%20arriba%20para%20los%20afroperuanos%20Galarza%20Yamada%20Zelada_2.pdf
File Function: First Version, 2015
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico in its series Working Papers with number 15-01.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 2015
Date of revision: 2015
Handle: RePEc:pai:wpaper:15-01
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.up.edu.pe/

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  1. Pierre-Philippe Combes & Bruno Decreuse & Morgane Laouénan & Alain Trannoy, 2016. "Customer Discrimination and Employment Outcomes: Theory and Evidence from the French Labor Market," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 34(1), pages 107-160.
  2. Galarza, Francisco B. & Yamada, Gustavo, 2014. "Labor Market Discrimination in Lima, Peru: Evidence from a Field Experiment," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 83-94.
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  11. Bradley J. Ruffle & Ze'ev Shtudiner, 2015. "Are Good-Looking People More Employable?," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 61(8), pages 1760-1776, August.
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  13. Omar Arias & Gustavo Yamada & Luis Tejerina, 2004. "Education, Family Backgrounds and Racial Earnings Inequality in Brazil," Working Papers 04-04, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico, revised 2004.
  14. David Bravo Urrutia & Sergio Urzúa & Claudia Sanhueza, 2007. "An Experimental Study About Labor Market Discrimination: Gender, Social Class And Neighborhood," Working Papers wp263, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  15. Ani Taschdjian & Daniela Vázquez Leggiadro, 2013. "Un estudio de segregación de los hombres afrodescendientes en el mercado laboral uruguayo," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0513, Department of Economics - dECON.
  16. Juan Castro & Gustavo Yamada, 2011. "Brechas étnicas y de sexo en el acceso a la educación básica y superior en el Perú," Working Papers 11-04, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico, revised Sep 2011.
  17. Marisa Bucheli & Rafael Porzecanski, 2008. "Racial Inequality in the Uruguayan Labor Market:An analysis of wage differentials between Afrodescendants and whites," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1508, Department of Economics - dECON.
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