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Racial Inequality in the Uruguayan Labor Market:An analysis of wage differentials between Afrodescendants and whites

  • Marisa Bucheli

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Rafael Porzecanski

    (Ph.D. Program, Department of Sociology, UCLA. Associate Researcher, Faculty of Administration and Social Sciences, Universidad ORT Uruguay.)

Latin America is a region of sharp inequalities that are far from ethnically blind. In particular, there exists a significant socioeconomic gap between Latin Americans of European and the Afrodescendant and Indigenouos populations. Uruguay has usually been considered an exception to this pattern, although the lack of survey data about racial descent and ethnicity did not allow empirical analysis. In 2006, the National Institute of Statistics included a question on racial descent in the Household Survey. In this paper we use these microdata (for the first time) to analyze the wage gap between afro-descendants and whites. The wage ratio is 0.72 for men and 0.78 for women. For each sex, we perform OLS estimations, wage decompositions and quantile regressions. The estimations indicate that discrimination contributes to explain half of the average wage gap of men and 20% of the gap among femles. Part of discrimination works through the placement of Afro-descendant workers into lower-paid occupations. The most important attribute that explains the rest of the gap is education. Finally, quantile regressions show that discrimination declines with percentile.

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File URL: http://decon.edu.uy/publica/2008/1508.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Economics - dECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 1508.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:1508
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  1. Krishna Pendakur & Ravi Pendakur, 2007. "Minority Earnings Disparity Across the Distribution," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 33(1), pages 41-62, March.
  2. Neuman, Shoshana & Oaxaca, Ronald L, 1998. "Estimating Labour Market Discrimination with Selectivity Corrected Wage Equations: Methodological Considerations and an Illustration from Israel," CEPR Discussion Papers 1915, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Gad Levanon & Yaron Raviv, 2007. "Decomposing Wage Gaps between Ethnic Groups: The Case of Israel," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 73(4), pages 1066–1087, April.
  4. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  5. Sara Rica & Juan Dolado & Vanesa Llorens, 2008. "Ceilings or floors? Gender wage gaps by education in Spain," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 751-776, July.
  6. Edward Telles & Nelson Lim, 1998. "Does it matter who answers the race question? Racial classification and income inequality in Brazil," Demography, Springer, vol. 35(4), pages 465-474, November.
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