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Do the Biggest Aisles Serve a Brighter Future? Global Retail Chains and Their Implications for Romania

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  • Beata Javorcik
  • Yue Li

Abstract

Interconnections among financial institutions create potential channels for contagionand amplification of shocks to the financial system. Contagion occurs when a shock tothe assets of a single firm causes other firms to default through the network of obligations.We say that contagion is weak if the probability of default through contagion is no greaterthan the probability of default through independent direct shocks to the defaulting nodes.We derive a general formula which shows that, for a wide variety of shock distributions,contagion is weak unless the triggering node is very large and/or highly leveraged comparedto the nodes it topples through contagion. We derive our results in the Eisenberg-Noe(2001) framework with the addition of stochastic shocks. A distinguishing feature of ourapproach is that our conditions do not depend on the topology of interconnections: theyhold for any financial network with a given distribution of bank sizes and leverage levels.The likelihood of contagion increases when one augments the model to include bankruptcycosts and mark-to-market losses from credit quality deterioration.

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  • Beata Javorcik & Yue Li, 2013. "Do the Biggest Aisles Serve a Brighter Future? Global Retail Chains and Their Implications for Romania," Economics Series Working Papers 637, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:637
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    Cited by:

    1. Arlan Brucal, Inessa Love, Beata Javorcik, 2018. "Energy savings through foreign acquisitions? Evidence from Indonesian manufacturing plants," GRI Working Papers 289, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
    2. Alessandra Guariglia & Marina-Eliza Spaliara & Serafeim Tsoukas, 2016. "To What Extent Does the Interest Burden Affect Firm Survival? Evidence from a Panel of UK Firms during the Recent Financial Crisis," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 78(4), pages 576-594, August.
    3. Bin Ni, 2016. "Productivity Gap and Vertical Spillover: Evidence from Vietnam," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 16-04, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP).
    4. repec:eee:inecon:v:112:y:2018:i:c:p:1-12 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Javorcik, Beata S. & Li, Yue, 2013. "Do the biggest aisles serve a brighter future? Global retail chains and their implications for Romania," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 348-363.
    6. Lakatos, Csilla & Fukui, Tani, 2014. "The Liberalization of Retail Services in India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 327-340.
    7. repec:ucp:jpolec:doi:10.1086/695476 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Bill Battaile & Saurabh Mishra, 2015. "Transforming Non-Renewable Resource Economies (NREs)," IMF Working Papers 15/171, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Raff, Horst & Schmitt, Nicolas, 2015. "Retailing and international trade: A survey of the literature," Economics Working Papers 2015-02, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
    10. Iacovone, Leonardo & Javorcik, Beata & Keller, Wolfgang & Tybout, James, 2015. "Supplier responses to Walmart's invasion in Mexico," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 1-15.
    11. David Atkin & Benjamin Faber & Marco Gonzalez-Navarro, 2018. "Retail Globalization and Household Welfare: Evidence from Mexico," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 126(1), pages 1-73.
    12. Gould, David M. & Tan, Congyan & Emamgholi, Amir S. Sadeghi, 2013. "Attracting foreign direct investment : what can South Asia's lack of success teach other developing countries ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6696, The World Bank.
    13. Fernandes, Ana M. & Paunov, Caroline, 2012. "Foreign direct investment in services and manufacturing productivity: Evidence for Chile," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 305-321.
    14. Massimo Armenise & Giorgia Giovannetti & Gianluca Santoni, 2011. "FDI in Business Services has general TFP effects : evidence from Italy," Working Papers - Economics wp2011_12.rdf, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa.
    15. Görg, Holger & Spaliara, Marina-Eliza, 2018. "Export market exit and financial health in crises periods," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 150-163.
    16. Igan, Deniz & Suzuki, Junichi, 2012. "The “Wal-Mart effect” in central and eastern Europe," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 194-210.
    17. repec:scm:ecofrm:v:6:y:2017:i:1:p:9 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Thomas Farole & Deborah Winkler, 2014. "Making Foreign Direct Investment Work for Sub-Saharan Africa : Local Spillovers and Competitiveness in Global Value Chains," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 16390, December.
    19. Cheptea, Angela, 2016. "Multinational retailers and host countries’ export competitiveness," 149th Seminar, October 27-28, 2016, Rennes, France 244952, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    20. Head, Keith & Jing, Ran & Swenson, Deborah L., 2014. "From Beijing to Bentonville: Do multinational retailers link markets?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 79-92.
    21. Emlinger, Charlotte & Poncet, Sandra, 2018. "With a little help from my friends: Multinational retailers and China's consumer market penetration," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 1-12.
    22. Kovacs (Kiss) Marta, 2014. "An Empirical Research On The Evolution Of Businesses Of The Main Retail Companies In Romania," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(1), pages 1013-1018, July.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Global retail chains; productivity; services liberalization; foreign direct investment; backward linkages; reallocation; allocation efficiency;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L81 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Retail and Wholesale Trade; e-Commerce
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity

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