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Analyzing the Effects of Labor Standards on U.S. Export Performance: A Time Series Approach With Structural Change

  • Gabriel Rodriguez

    ()

    (Department of Economics, University of Ottawa)

  • Yiagadeesen Samy

    (Department of Economics, University of Ottawa)

We analyze the empirical effects of different measures of labor standards on the export performance of the United States using annual data for the period 1950-1998, applying a time series approach based on the structural change literature. Hence, we estimate a model with endogenous breaks following the methodology proposed by Bai and Perron (1998). The results show that the labor standards, represented by the number of hours worked, the rate of occupational injuries and the unionization rate, are all very important to explain the behavior of exports for the United States. In particular, we find that low labor standards may both improve or lead to a deterioration in export performance.

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File URL: http://www.socialsciences.uottawa.ca/eco/pdf/cahiers/0702E-old.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Ottawa, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0108E.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ott:wpaper:0108e
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  1. Petrakis, Emmanuel & Poyago-Theotoky, Joanna, 2002. "R&D Subsidies versus R&D Cooperation in a Duopoly with Spillovers and Pollution," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(1), pages 37-52, March.
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  4. Klette, T.J. & Moen, J. & Griliches, Z., 1999. "Do Subsidies to Commercial R&D Reduce Market Failures? Microeconometric Evaluation Studies," Papers 16/99, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration-.
  5. Ekholm, Karolina & Torstensson, Johan, 1996. "High-Technology Subsidies in General Equilibrium: A Sector-Specific Approach," Working Paper Series 467, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  6. Poyago-Theotoky, Joanna, 1998. "R&D Competition in a Mixed Duopoly under Uncertainty and Easy Imitation," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 415-428, September.
  7. Minoru Kitahara & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2006. "Realized Cost-Based Subsidies For Strategic R&D Investments With "Ex Ante" And "Ex Post" Asymmetries," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 57(3), pages 438-448.
  8. Lakdawalla, Darius & Sood, Neeraj, 2004. "Social insurance and the design of innovation incentives," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 85(1), pages 57-61, October.
  9. Miyagiwa, Kaz & Ohno, Yuka, 2002. "Uncertainty, spillovers, and cooperative R&D," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 855-876, June.
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