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Property Crime with Private Protection: A Market-for-Offenses Approach

  • Louis Hotte

    ()

    (Department of Economics, University of Ottawa)

  • Fabrice Valognes

    ()

    (Department of Economics and Mathematics, University of Le Havre)

  • Tanguy van Ypersele

    ()

    (Université de Aix-Marseille 2)

We analyze property crime in an endowment economy composed of a large number of heterogeneous individuals who need to protect themselves, choose whether to participate in crime or not, and decide on how to allocate their predation efforts across victims. The equilibrium posits perfect foresight by all and the crime payoff clears the market between victims’ losses and criminals’ gains. We obtain that the crime payoff summarizes all the relevant information concerning the state of the crime environment as far as individual welfare is concerned. The burden of crime, expressed as losses relative to initial wealth, is evenly distributed between rich and poor individuals, inclusive of the protection effort. In absolute terms, the rich spend more on protection and lose more from crime. We derive a necessary and sufficient under which wealth redistribution increases crime. Under a weak sufficient condition, economic development tends to reduce the burden of crime for all, regardless of how its fruits are distributed. The predictions of the model accord well with existing empirical results

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Paper provided by University of Ottawa, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0901E.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ott:wpaper:0901e
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  1. Ekholm, Karolina & Torstensson, Johan, 1996. "High-Technology Subsidies in General Equilibrium: A Sector-Specific Approach," Working Paper Series 467, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  2. Isabel Busom, 2000. "An Empirical Evaluation of The Effects of R&D Subsidies," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(2), pages 111-148.
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  7. Lakdawalla, Darius & Sood, Neeraj, 2004. "Social insurance and the design of innovation incentives," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 85(1), pages 57-61, October.
  8. Poyago-Theotoky, Joanna, 1998. "R&D Competition in a Mixed Duopoly under Uncertainty and Easy Imitation," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 415-428, September.
  9. Klette, T.J. & Moen, J. & Griliches, Z., 1999. "Do Subsidies to Commercial R&D Reduce Market Failures? Microeconometric Evaluation Studies," Papers 16/99, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration-.
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