The Internal Migration of the Immigrant and Native-Born populations in Canada between 1976 and 1996
International immigration has changed not only the ethnic and cultural composition of the Canadian society, but it has also altered its geographical dispersion. Immigrants tend to locate in the major urban areas and thus contribute to accentuate the geographic concentration of the population. Some immigrants go to less populated areas, but many do not stay. The purpose of this paper is to look at the internal migration patterns of immigrants after they arrive in Canada and to compare them to those of the Canadianborn population. The study uses data from the four Canadian censuses of 1981, 1986, 1991 and 1996. The dependent variable is the probability of a migration during the five years that precede each census. Two variants are considered: (1) mobility between provinces and (2) mobility within and between provinces with an ordered choice model. The independent variables are the usual ones related to human capital and characteristics of the regions. Some of the results are: immigrants are on average less mobile than the Canadian-born, except at the local level; however, immigrants are more mobile than the Canadians who still live in their province of birth; mobility between provinces has decreased between 1976 and 1996; immigrants respond in a different way than the Canadian-born to some of the variables that determine mobility; immigrants tend to leave in larger proportions than the Canadian-born the provinces where there are few immigrants.
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