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The Protection of Innovations

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  • Gamal Atallah

Abstract

This paper proposes a model where firms invest in secrecy to limit technological spillovers accruing to their competitors, in addition to investing in cost-reducing R&D. The main result of the paper is that increases in spillovers increase secrecy, suggesting that legal and strategic protection are substitutes. Higher product differentiation is associated with higher levels of innovation and lower levels of secrecy. An increase in the size of the market, a reduction in the cost of secrecy, or a reduction in the cost of R&D, all lead to an increase in secrecy. As for the effect of spillovers on effective cost reduction, it is positive when products are sufficiently differentiated, and has an inverted-U shape with low product differentiation. Compared to price competition, quantity competition yields higher levels of R&D, secrecy and effective cost reduction. Le papier propose un modèle où les firmes investissent dans la protection de leurs innovations afin de réduire les externalités de recherche reçues par leurs concurrents, en plus d'investir dans la R&D permettant de réduire leurs coûts de production. Le résultat principal est qu'une augmentation des externalités technologiques augmente l'investissement en protection, ce qui implique que la protection légale et stratégique sont des substituts. Un niveau plus élevé de différenciation des produits est associé avec davantage d'innovation et moins de protection. Une augmentation dans la taille du marché, une réduction des coûts de la protection, ou une réduction des coûts de la recherche, induisent une augmentation de la protection. Les externalités de recherche augmentent la réduction des coûts lorsque le niveau de différenciation des produits est élevé, et ont un effet en forme de U inversé lorsque le niveau de différentiation est faible. La concurrence en quantités génère des niveaux plus élevés de R&D, de protection et de réduction des coûts.

Suggested Citation

  • Gamal Atallah, 2004. "The Protection of Innovations," CIRANO Working Papers 2004s-02, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2004s-02
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ramona Miron & Simona Gabor, 2012. "Intellectual Property Within The Emerging Renewable Energy Market: A Case Study Of The Eu," CES Working Papers, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 4(3), pages 364-384, September.
    2. repec:jes:wpaper:y:2012:v:4:p:364-384 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Senyuta, Olena & Žigić, Krešimir, 2016. "Managing spillovers: An endogenous sunk cost approach," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 45-64.
    4. Milliou, Chrysovalantou, 2006. "Endogenous protection of R and D investments," UC3M Working papers. Economics we066325, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    secrecy; protection; innovation; technology; spillovers; R&D; appropriability; protection des innovations; innovation; technologie; externalités de recherche; R&D; appropriation des innovations;

    JEL classification:

    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital

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