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Determinants of Health in Developing Countries:Cross-Country Evidence

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  • Yusuke Kamiya

    (Ph.D candidate, Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP))

Abstract

There is a growing consensus that stronger health systems are crucial to achieving a further reduction in child mortality. On the other hand, socioeconomic status has also long been considered to be a crucial factor to affect people fs health status. Nevertheless, there exists no consistent empirical evidence on whether or not and how health systems and socioeconomic factors affect health outcomes. This paper applies system Generalised Method of Moments (system GMM) to estimate the determinants of under-five mortality for cross-country panel data from 141 developing countries. Empirical results show that GDP per capita and the access to improved sanitation have statistically significant and favourable effects in reducing child mortality. In contrast, health system factors, which are measured by government health spending, the coverage of immunisation and skilled birth attendants, and the number of physicians per 1,000 people, do not lead to mortality reduction.

Suggested Citation

  • Yusuke Kamiya, 2010. "Determinants of Health in Developing Countries:Cross-Country Evidence," OSIPP Discussion Paper 10E009, Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University.
  • Handle: RePEc:osp:wpaper:10e009
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    File URL: http://www.osipp.osaka-u.ac.jp/archives/DP/2010/DP2010E009.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Emara Noha M. F., 2014. "Effect of Income Elasticity on MDG Health Indicators: The Case of MENA Countries," Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, De Gruyter, vol. 10(1), pages 1-21, April.
    2. Joseph Deutsch & Jacques Silber, 2017. "Does women’s empowerment affect the health of children? The case of Mozambique," WIDER Working Paper Series 211, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    3. Azza Mohamed Hegazy, 2016. "Mobile Phone and Child Mortality: The Case of Developing Countries," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(3), pages 917-925.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Determinants of health; child health; health systems; System GMM;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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