IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

The Price of Oil – Will it Start Rising Again?

  • Jean-Marc Fournier
  • Isabell Koske
  • Isabelle Wanner
  • Vera Zipperer

Following a sharp drop amidst the global economic crisis and a subsequent recovery, the spot price of crude oil has been broadly stable for the past couple of years. This paper discusses the factors that drive oil demand and supply and, hence, the price of the resource. A set of oil demand equations is estimated for OECD and non-OECD countries, which is then combined with assumptions about the behaviour of supply to analyse the impact of a range of macroeconomic and policy scenarios on the future oil price path. The scenario analysis suggests that a return of world growth to slightly below pre-crisis rates would be consistent with an increase in the price of Brent crude to far above early-2012 levels by 2020. This increase would be mostly driven by higher demand from non-OECD economies – in particular China and India. The expected rise in the oil price is unlikely to be smooth. Sudden changes in the supply or demand of oil can have very large effects on the price in the short run. Le prix du pétrole – va-t-il recommencer à augmenter ? Après une forte baisse lors de la crise économique mondiale et une reprise ultérieure, le prix du pétrole brut est resté globalement stable depuis quelques années. Ce document examine les déterminants de la demande et de l?offre de pétrole et, par conséquent, du prix de cette ressource. Un ensemble d?équations de demande estimées pour les pays membres et non membres de l?OCDE est combiné à des hypothèses sur le comportement de l?offre pour analyser l?effet d?un éventail de scénarios macroéconomiques et politiques sur la tendance future du prix du pétrole. Cette analyse suggère que le retour de la croissance mondiale à un niveau légèrement inférieur au taux observé avant la crise pourraient entrainer le prix du baril de Brent d?ici 2020 bien au-dessus du niveau observé début 2012. Cette hausse principalement tirée par une demande soutenue des pays non membres de l?OCDE, notamment la Chine et l?Inde. Cette hausse du prix du pétrole a peu de chance d?être régulière. Des modifications soudaines de l?offre ou de la demande de pétrole peuvent avoir des effets importants sur les prix du pétrole à court terme.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Our checks indicate that this address may not be valid because: 403 Forbidden ( [303 See Other]--> If this is indeed the case, please notify ()

Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 1031.

in new window

Date of creation: 08 Mar 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1031-en
Contact details of provider: Postal: 2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16
Phone: 33-(0)-1-45 24 82 00
Fax: 33-(0)-1-45 24 85 00
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1031-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.