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Exchange rate regimes and inflation: Evidence from India


  • Mohanty, Biswajit

    () (Department of Business Economics, Delhi University)

  • Bhanumurthy, N.R.

    () (National Institute of Public Finance and Policy)


Exchange rate stability is crucial for inflation management as a stable rate is expected to reduce domestic inflation pressures through a `policy discipline effect'- restricting money supply growth, and a `credibility effect'- inducing higher money demand and reduced velocity of money. Alternatively, the impossibility trillema predicts that in the presence of an open capital account, a stable exchange rate may lead to lack of control on monetary policy and, hence, higher inflation. Using a monetary model of Inflation, this paper investigates the impact of the de facto stable exchange rate regime on inflation in India during different episodes of exchange rate stability. The results show that the impact of exchange rate regime on inflation is not visible in Indian case, which could be because of the offsetting sterilization policy undertaken by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) during expansionary money supply growth resulting from its large scale intervention to even out exchange rate volatility.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohanty, Biswajit & Bhanumurthy, N.R., 2014. "Exchange rate regimes and inflation: Evidence from India," Working Papers 14/130, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:npf:wpaper:14/130
    Note: Working Paper 130, 2014

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Cruz-Rodríguez, Alexis, 2016. "An empirical assessment of exchange arrangements and inflation performance," MPRA Paper 73005, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Exchange rate regime ; Inflation ; Money Supply ; ARDL Model ; India;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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