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Labor Demand: What Do We Know? What Don't We Know?

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  • Daniel S. Hamermesh

Abstract

This study reviews empirical research on the demand for labor. The static analysis discusses the production parameters describing homogeneous labor and labor disaggregated along various criteria; the distinction between workers and hours; the importance of job dynamics; and the nature of a variety of policies that affect the long-run demand for labor. Issues in the dynamics of demand for workers and hours, including speeds of adjustment for homogeneous and heterogeneous labor, asymmetries, and the nature of adjustment costs are presented. The paper emphasizes how the paucity of appropriate data has limited our ability to obtain reliable estimates of the underlying concepts.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel S. Hamermesh, 1991. "Labor Demand: What Do We Know? What Don't We Know?," NBER Working Papers 3890, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:3890 Note: LS
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    1. Alison J. Wellington, 1991. "Effects of the Minimum Wage on the Employment Status of Youths: An Update," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 26(1), pages 27-46.
    2. Nickell, Stephen, 1979. "Unemployment and the structure of labor costs," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 187-222, January.
    3. Katharine G. Abraham & Susan N. Houseman, 1993. "Job Security and Work Force Adjustment: How Different are U.S. and Japanese Practices?," Book chapters authored by Upjohn Institute researchers,in: Christopher F. Buechtemann (ed.), Employment Security and Labor Market Behavior: Interdisciplinary Approaches and International Evidence, pages 180-199 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
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    5. Matthew D. Shapiro, 1986. "The Dynamic Demand for Capital and Labor," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 101(3), pages 513-542.
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    7. Papke, Leslie E., 1991. "Interstate business tax differentials and new firm location : Evidence from panel data," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 47-68, June.
    8. Santiago, Carlos E, 1989. "The Dynamics of Minimum Wage Policy in Economic Development: A Multiple Time-Series Approach," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 38(1), pages 1-30, October.
    9. Brown, Charles & Gilroy, Curtis & Kohen, Andrew, 1982. "The Effect of the Minimum Wage on Employment and Unemployment," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 20(2), pages 487-528, June.
    10. Berger, Mark C. & Garen, John E., 1990. "Heterogeneous producers in an extractive industry : Factor demand in underground coal mining," Resources and Energy, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 295-310, December.
    11. Berndt, Ernst R & Wood, David O, 1975. "Technology, Prices, and the Derived Demand for Energy," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 57(3), pages 259-268, August.
    12. Field, Elizabeth B, 1988. "Free and Slave Labor in the Antebellum South: Perfect Substitutes or Different Inputs?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(4), pages 654-659, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alain Pirotte, 1996. "Estimation de relations de long terme sur données de panel : nouveaux résultats," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 126(5), pages 143-161.
    2. Jean-Marc Germain, 1997. "Allégements de charges sociales, coût du travail et emploi dans les modèles d'équilibre : enjeux et débats," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 301(1), pages 73-94.
    3. Hassink, W.H.J. & Broersma, L., 1993. "Labour demand and job-to-job movement : macro-consequences as a result from micro-economic behaviour," Serie Research Memoranda 0001, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
    4. Pål Boug, 1999. "The Demand for Labour and the Lucas Critique. Evidence from Norwegian Manufacturing," Discussion Papers 256, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    5. Tyrväinen, Timo, 1995. "Wage determination in the long run, real wage resistance and unemployment : Multivariate analysis of cointegrating relations in 10 OECD economies," Research Discussion Papers 12/1995, Bank of Finland.
    6. Brigitte Dormont, 1994. "Quelle est l'influence du coût du travail sur l'emploi ?," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 45(3), pages 399-414.
    7. Kouretas, Georgios P. & Zarangas, Leonidas P., 2000. "Wage Setting, Taxes, and Demand for Labor in Greece: A Multivariate Analysis of Cointegrating Relationships," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 171-195, March.
    8. Marcus Hagedorn & Iourii Manovskii, 2014. "The Research Agenda: Marcus Hagedorn and Iourii Manovskii on Theory Ahead of Identification," EconomicDynamics Newsletter, Review of Economic Dynamics, vol. 15(1), April.

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