Job Security and Work Force Adjustment: How Different are U.S. and Japanese Practices?
In: Employment Security and Labor Market Behavior: Interdisciplinary Approaches and International Evidence
This paper compares employment and hours adjustment in Japanese and U.S. manufacturing. In contrast to some previous work, we find that adjustment of total labor input to demand changes is significantly greater in the United States than in Japan; adjustment of employment is significantly greater in the United States, while that of average hours is about the same in the two countries. Although workers in Japan enjoy greater employment stability than do U.S. workers, we find considerable variability in the adjustment patterns across groups within each country. In the United States, most of the adjustment is borne by production workers. In Japan, female workers, in particular, bear a disproportionate share of adjustment.
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|This chapter was published in: Christopher F. Buechtemann (ed.) Employment Security and Labor Market Behavior: Interdisciplinary Approaches and International Evidence, ILR Press, pages 180-199, 1993.|
|This item is provided by W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research in its series Book chapters authored by Upjohn Institute researchers with number snhkga1993.|
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- Katharine G. Abraham & James L. Medoff, 1984. "Length of Service and Layoffs in Union and Nonunion Work Groups," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 38(1), pages 87-97, October.
- Hall, Robert E, 1982.
"The Importance of Lifetime Jobs in the U.S. Economy,"
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- Richard B. Freeman & Martin L. Weitzman, 1986.
"Bonuses and Employment in Japan,"
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1878, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Freeman, Richard B. & Weitzman, Martin L., 1987. "Bonuses and employment in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 1(2), pages 168-194, June.
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