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The Impact of the Federal Reserve's Large-Scale Asset Purchase Programs on Corporate Credit Risk

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  • Simon Gilchrist
  • Egon Zakrajsek

Abstract

Estimating the effect of Federal Reserve's announcements of Large-Scale Asset Purchase (LSAP) programs on corporate credit risk is complicated by the simultaneity of policy decisions and movements in prices of risky financial assets, as well as by the fact that both interest rates of assets targeted by the programs and indicators of credit risk reacted to other common shocks during the recent financial crisis. This paper employs a heteroskedasticity-based approach to estimate the structural coefficient measuring the sensitivity of market-based indicators of corporate credit risk to declines in the benchmark market interest rates prompted by the LSAP announcements. The results indicate that the LSAP announcements led to a significant reduction in the cost of insuring against default risk--as measured by the CDX indexes--for both investment- and speculative-grade corporate credits. While the unconventional policy measures employed by the Federal Reserve to stimulate the economy have substantially lowered the overall level of credit risk in the economy, the LSAP announcements appear to have had no measurable effect on credit risk in the financial intermediary sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Simon Gilchrist & Egon Zakrajsek, 2013. "The Impact of the Federal Reserve's Large-Scale Asset Purchase Programs on Corporate Credit Risk," NBER Working Papers 19337, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19337 Note: ME
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    Cited by:

    1. Juan A. Montecino & Gerald Epstein, 2015. "Have Large Scale Asset Purchases Increased Bank Profits?," Working Papers Series 5, Institute for New Economic Thinking.
    2. Darracq-Pariès, Matthieu & Kühl, Michael, 2017. "The optimal conduct of central bank asset purchases," Discussion Papers 22/2017, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    3. Massimo Guidolin & Alexei G. Orlov & Manuela Pedio, 2014. "Understanding the Impact of Monetary Policy Shocks on the Corporate Bond Market in Good and Bad Times: A Markov Switching Model," BAFFI CAREFIN Working Papers 1623, BAFFI CAREFIN, Centre for Applied Research on International Markets Banking Finance and Regulation, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    4. Kühl, Michael, 2016. "The effects of government bond purchases on leverage constraints of banks and non-financial firms," Discussion Papers 38/2016, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    5. Guidolin, Massimo & Orlov, Alexei G. & Pedio, Manuela, 2014. "Unconventional monetary policies and the corporate bond market," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 203-212.
    6. Altavilla, Carlo & Darracq Pariès, Matthieu & Nicoletti, Giulio, 2015. "Loan supply, credit markets and the euro area financial crisis," Working Paper Series 1861, European Central Bank.
    7. Schlepper, Kathi & Riordan, Ryan & Hofer, Heiko & Schrimpf, Andreas, 2017. "Scarcity effects of QE: A transaction-level analysis in the Bund market," Discussion Papers 06/2017, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    8. Marcello Pericoli & Giovanni Veronese, 2017. "Monetary policy surprises over time," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1102, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    9. Kandrac, John & Schlusche, Bernd, 2017. "Quantitative Easing and Bank Risk Taking: Evidence from Lending," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2017-125, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    10. Rogers, John H. & Scotti, Chiara & Wright, Jonathan H., 2014. "Evaluating Asset-Market Effects of Unconventional Monetary Policy: A Cross-Country Comparison," International Finance Discussion Papers 1101, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    11. Gómez-Puig, Marta & Sosvilla-Rivero, Simón & Ramos-Herrera, María del Carmen, 2014. "An update on EMU sovereign yield spread drivers in times of crisis: A panel data analysis," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 133-153.
    12. Andrea Zaghini, 2017. "The CSPP at work: yield heterogeneity and the portfolio rebalancing channel," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1157, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    13. repec:eee:jmacro:v:54:y:2017:i:pb:p:161-186 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Hristov, Nikolay & Hülsewig, Oliver, 2017. "Unexpected loan losses and bank capital in an estimated DSGE model of the euro area," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 54(PB), pages 161-186.
    15. Lo Duca, Marco & Nicoletti, Giulio & Vidal Martínez, Ariadna, 2016. "Global corporate bond issuance: What role for US quantitative easing?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 114-150.
    16. repec:eee:intfin:v:49:y:2017:i:c:p:88-102 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Kandrac, John & Schlusche, Bernd, 2015. "An agency problem in the MBS market and the solicited refinancing channel of large-scale asset purchases," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-27, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    18. Martien Lamers & Frederik Mergaerts & Elien Meuleman & Rudi Vander Vennet, 2016. "The trade-off between monetary policy and bank stability," Working Paper Research 308, National Bank of Belgium.
    19. Mamatzakis, Emmanuel & Bermpei, Theodora, 2016. "What is the effect of unconventional monetary policy on bank performance?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 239-263.
    20. Kok, Christoffer & Darracq Pariès, Matthieu & Hałaj, Grzegorz, 2016. "Bank capital structure and the credit channel of central bank asset purchases," Working Paper Series 1916, European Central Bank.
    21. Holtemöller, Oliver, 2016. "Sovereign Stress, Banking Stress, and Corporate Financing Costs in the Euro Area," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145820, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services

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