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Wage and employment effects of a wage norm : The Polish transition experience

Author

Listed:
  • Alain de Crombrugghe

    () (University of Namur, Department of Economics)

  • Gregory de Walque

    () (National Bank of Belgium, Research Department
    University of Namur)

Abstract

Most transition countries used tax-supported wage norms in the early 1990's, as a part of their market liberalization programs. This paper analyses how a firm-level tax (or subsidy) on deviations from a pre-set wage norm may promote employment by rotating the labor demand curve perceived by the workers' union around the value of the norm. We derive the conditions such that it yields a positive employment effect. We test the effect of the norm on the wages on a sample of Polish firms in 1990 and 1991. The data support the role of the wage norm on the position of the perceived labor demand and the role of the tax rate on its slope.

Suggested Citation

  • Alain de Crombrugghe & Gregory de Walque, 2011. "Wage and employment effects of a wage norm : The Polish transition experience," Working Paper Research 209, National Bank of Belgium.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbb:reswpp:201101-209
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    File URL: https://www.nbb.be/doc/oc/repec/reswpp/wp209en.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    transition economies; labor market; unions; excess wage tax; employment;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J5 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining
    • P31 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions

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