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Tourism and Economic Growth in Latin American Countries(LAC): Further Empirical Evidence

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  • Bichaka Fayissa
  • Christian Nsiah
  • Badassa Tadasse

Abstract

From 1995-2007, worldwide tourist arrivals increased about 68.2 percent (or an average annual growth rate of about 5.2 percent) from 534 million to 898 million (UNWTO, 2008). Over the same period, Latin America countries (Central and South America) have experienced a rise in tourist arrivals from 14.3 million to 27.9 million (about 49 % growth) and tourist receipts growth from $2.3 billion to $3.7 billion (about 61 % growth), respectively. The tourism industry in Latin American countries (LAC) has also experienced a sizable increase in annual market share growth rate of 8.7 percent in 2004. Despite this fact, there are only few empirical studies that investigate the contributions of tourism to economic growth and development for Latin American economies. Using a panel data of 17 Latin American countries for the years that span from 1995 to 2004, this study investigates the impact of the tourism industry on the economic growth and development Latin American countries within the framework of the conventional neoclassical growth model. The empirical results show that revenues from the tourism industry positively contribute to both the current level of gross domestic product and the economic growth of LACs as do investments in physical and human capital. Our findings imply that Latin American economies may enhance their economic growth by strategically strengthening the tourism industry while not neglecting the other sectors which also promote growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Bichaka Fayissa & Christian Nsiah & Badassa Tadasse, 2009. "Tourism and Economic Growth in Latin American Countries(LAC): Further Empirical Evidence," Working Papers 200902, Middle Tennessee State University, Department of Economics and Finance.
  • Handle: RePEc:mts:wpaper:200902
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    5. Garsous, Grégoire & Corderi, David & Velasco, Mercedes, 2015. "Tax Incentives and Job Creation in the Tourism Industry of Brazil," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 7324, Inter-American Development Bank.
    6. Klytchnikova, Irina & Dorosh, Paul, 2012. "Tourism sector in Panama : regional economic impacts and the potential to benefit the poor," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6183, The World Bank.
    7. Ma, Tao & Hong, Tao & Zhang, Haozhe, 2015. "Tourism spatial spillover effects and urban economic growth," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 74-80.
    8. Antonakakis, Nikolaos & Dragouni, Mina & Filis, George, 2013. "Time-Varying Interdependencies of Tourism and Economic Growth: Evidence from European Countries," MPRA Paper 48715, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Alam, Md. Samsul & Paramati, Sudharshan Reddy, 2017. "The dynamic role of tourism investment on tourism development and CO2 emissions," Annals of Tourism Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 213-215.
    10. Arash Ketabforoush Badri & Karim Panahi, 2018. "The Study of Factors Influencing Tourism Demand with Emphasis on the Degree of Openness of the Economy," Noble International Journal of Social Sciences Research, Noble Academic Publsiher, vol. 3(10), pages 78-89, October.
    11. Grégoire Garsous & David Corderi & Mercedes Velasco, 2015. "Tax Incentives and Job Creation in the Tourism Industry of Brazil," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 91996, Inter-American Development Bank.
    12. Omer Yalcinkaya & Muhammet Dastan & Kerem Karabulut, 2018. "The Effects of International Tourism Receipts on Economic Growth- Evidence from the First 20 Highest Income Earning Countries from Tourism in the World (1996-2016)," Montenegrin Journal of Economics, Economic Laboratory for Transition Research (ELIT), vol. 14(3), pages 55-71.
    13. Ulrich Gunter & M. Graziano Ceddia & David Leonard & Bernhard Tröster, 2018. "Contribution of international ecotourism to comprehensive economic development and convergence in the Central American and Caribbean region," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(33), pages 3614-3629, July.
    14. Akkemik, K. Ali, 2012. "Assessing the importance of international tourism for the Turkish economy: A social accounting matrix analysis," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 790-801.
    15. Berly Martawardaya, 2017. "Tourism and Economic Development in ASEAN 1998–2013," Economics and Finance in Indonesia, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Indonesia, vol. 63, pages 114-125, December.
    16. Jorge M. Andraz & Nélia M. Norte & Hugo S. Gonçalves, 2016. "Do tourism spillovers matter in regional economic analysis? An application to Portugal," Tourism Economics, , vol. 22(5), pages 939-963, October.
    17. Giscard Assoumou Ella, 2013. "Impact of international income, prices and monetary shocks on real exchange rate in eight African economies: An empirical study," The Empirical Econometrics and Quantitative Economics Letters, Faculty of Economics, Chiang Mai University, vol. 2(3), pages 41-54, September.
    18. Chatziantoniou, Ioannis & Filis, George & Eeckels, Bruno & Apostolakis, Alexandros, 2013. "Oil prices, tourism income and economic growth: A structural VAR approach for European Mediterranean countries," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 331-341.
    19. Prest, Brian C., 2018. "Explanations for the 2014 oil price decline: Supply or demand?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 63-75.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tourism; Economic Growth; Latin American Countries; Dynamic Panel Data; Fixed Effects; Random Effects; Arellano-Bond Models;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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