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Ethnic Minority Concentration: A Source of Productivity Growth for Italian Provinces?

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  • Alessandra, Michelangeli
  • Nicola, Pontarollo

Abstract

This paper aims at assessing the contribution of ethnic minorities to the productivity of the main sectors of Italian provinces. To this end, we consider the first ten nationalities by numbers of regularised persons observed at the provincial level (NUTS-3) between 2003 and 2011. We use an empirical panel growth model with spatially augmented specifications, which allows to capture both the direct (marginal) and indirect (spillover) effects of each community on local productivity at the provincial level. Our findings show that two communities out of ten have a positive impact on economic performance of Italian provinces. Other foreign groups have significant effects only indirectly, meaning that these groups do not affect growth of provinces where they live, but the neighbouring provinces likely because of commuting.

Suggested Citation

  • Alessandra, Michelangeli & Nicola, Pontarollo, 2016. "Ethnic Minority Concentration: A Source of Productivity Growth for Italian Provinces?," Working Papers 349, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised 02 Aug 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:mib:wpaper:349
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    Keywords

    productivity growth; specialisation; spatial econometrics; foreigners;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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