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Hold Your Breath: A New Index of Air Quality

Author

Listed:
  • Mohammad Reza Farzanegan

    () (University of Marburg)

  • Andreas Buehn

    () (University of Utrecht)

Abstract

Environmental quality and climate change have long attracted attention in policy debates. Recently, air quality has emerged on the policy agenda. We calculate a new index of air quality using CO2 and SO2 emissions per capita as indicators and provide a ranking for 122 countries from 1985 to 2005. The empirical analysis supports the EKC hypothesis and shows a significant influence of determinants such as energy efficiency, industrial production, electricity produced from coal sources, and urbanization on air quality. According to our index, Luxemburg, Norway, Iceland, Switzerland, and Japan are among the top 5 countries in terms of air quality performance. The Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Togo, and Nepal performed worst in 2005.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohammad Reza Farzanegan & Andreas Buehn, 2012. "Hold Your Breath: A New Index of Air Quality," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201226, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
  • Handle: RePEc:mar:magkse:201226
    as

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    File URL: https://www.uni-marburg.de/fb02/makro/forschung/magkspapers/26-2012_farzanegan.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Air quality; MIMIC model; EKC hypothesis; Development; Emissions;

    JEL classification:

    • O56 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Oceania
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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