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Mobilité interne et entrepreneuriat des jeunes en République démocratique du Congo

Author

Listed:
  • Alain Kikandi Kiuma
  • Christian Kamala Kaghoma
  • Joelle Mukenyi Kalala
  • Allegra Kabamba Mbuyi

Abstract

Ce papier met en évidence le lien entre la forte mobilité des jeunes en République Démocratique du Congo et leur engagement dans l’entrepreneuriat. En effet, malgré la destruction d’infrastructures de transport du fait de la longue période de guerre qu’elle a traversé, la RDC a une population dont la mobilité au sein du territoire national est des plus importantes, avec un taux de mobilité interne de plus de 20%, particulièrement parmi les jeunes de 15 à 30 ans. Attirés par la diversité d’opportunités que procure celle des ressources à travers le pays, ces migrants sont nombreux à s’orienter vers des activités entrepreneuriales dans leurs nouvelles localisations. A partir des données de l’enquête 1-2- 3 réalisée en 2005 par l’Institut National de la Statistique de la RD Congo (INS)en collaboration avec l’Observatoire Économique et Statistique d’Afrique Subsaharienne (AFRISTAT), ce papier dresse le profil du jeune migrant interne, fait ressortir les déterminants de sa décision de migrer ainsi que les zones de destination privilégiée. Il établit aussi le lien entre le profil du jeune migrant et son engagement dans l’entrepreneuriat.

Suggested Citation

  • Alain Kikandi Kiuma & Christian Kamala Kaghoma & Joelle Mukenyi Kalala & Allegra Kabamba Mbuyi, 2015. "Mobilité interne et entrepreneuriat des jeunes en République démocratique du Congo," Working Papers PMMA 2015-07, PEP-PMMA.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2015-07
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    3. Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Klapper, Leora F. & Panos, Georgios A., 2009. "Entrepreneurship in post-conflict transition : the role of informality and access to finance," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4935, The World Bank.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Mobilité géographique; migration; emploi des jeunes; entrepreneuriat; RD Congo;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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