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La rentabilité de l'investissement dans l'éducation au Sénégal

Author

Listed:
  • Abdoulaye Diagne
  • Dorothée Boccanfuso
  • Djibril Gassama Barry

Abstract

Depuis les années 60, la rentabilité du système éducatif suscite un intérêt croissant auprès des décideurs lorsqu'il s'agit de faire un choix d'investissement. Toutefois, la plupart des travaux consacrés à cette problématique portent sur les rendements internes de l'éducation. Cette étude se propose de mesurer la rentabilité externe de l'investissement relativement important, consenti dans l'éducation par les ménages (rendement privé) et la collectivité (rendement social). Il est reconnu que l'État et les ménages sénégalais consacrent d'importantes ressources à l'éducation sans avoir cependant une idée précise du rendement de leur investissement. Cette étude devrait combler cette lacune. La méthode utilisée est celle du taux de rendement interne appliquée aux données de l'Enquête Sénégalaise Auprès des Ménages (ESAM) de 1995. Les revenus nets bruts proviennent de ceux de l'année 1995. L'étude montre qu'au Sénégal l'éducation est en général un secteur d'investissement rentable où le rendement privé est plus élevé que le rendement social. De plus, une analyse par sous-secteur fait ressortir que l'investissement social dans le secondaire et le supérieur n'est pas rentable contrairement à l'enseignement primaire et moyen. Enfin, le chômage et le redoublement ont un impact négatif sur les rentabilités sociale et privée.

Suggested Citation

  • Abdoulaye Diagne & Dorothée Boccanfuso & Djibril Gassama Barry, 2003. "La rentabilité de l'investissement dans l'éducation au Sénégal," Cahiers de recherche 0345, CIRPEE.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:lacicr:0345
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Heywood, John S., 1994. "How widespread are sheepskin returns to education in the U.S.?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 227-234, September.
    2. George Psacharopoulos & Harry Anthony Patrinos, 2004. "Returns to investment in education: a further update," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(2), pages 111-134.
    3. Blackburn, McKinley L & Neumark, David, 1995. "Are OLS Estimates of the Return to Schooling Biased Downward? Another Look," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 77(2), pages 217-230, May.
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    5. Joshua D. Angrist & Alan B. Keueger, 1991. "Does Compulsory School Attendance Affect Schooling and Earnings?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(4), pages 979-1014.
    6. Arrow, Kenneth J., 1973. "Higher education as a filter," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 193-216, July.
    7. Ashenfelter, Orley & Krueger, Alan B, 1994. "Estimates of the Economic Returns to Schooling from a New Sample of Twins," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(5), pages 1157-1173, December.
    8. Behrman, Jere R & Birdsall, Nancy, 1983. "The Quality of Schooling: Quantity Alone is Misleading," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(5), pages 928-946, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rentabilité interne de l'éducation; méthode avantages-coût; rendements privés et sociaux;

    JEL classification:

    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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