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La rentabilité de l'investissement dans l'éducation au Sénégal

  • Abdoulaye Diagne
  • Dorothée Boccanfuso
  • Djibril Gassama Barry

Depuis les années 60, la rentabilité du système éducatif suscite un intérêt croissant auprès des décideurs lorsqu'il s'agit de faire un choix d'investissement. Toutefois, la plupart des travaux consacrés à cette problématique portent sur les rendements internes de l'éducation. Cette étude se propose de mesurer la rentabilité externe de l'investissement relativement important, consenti dans l'éducation par les ménages (rendement privé) et la collectivité (rendement social). Il est reconnu que l'État et les ménages sénégalais consacrent d'importantes ressources à l'éducation sans avoir cependant une idée précise du rendement de leur investissement. Cette étude devrait combler cette lacune. La méthode utilisée est celle du taux de rendement interne appliquée aux données de l'Enquête Sénégalaise Auprès des Ménages (ESAM) de 1995. Les revenus nets bruts proviennent de ceux de l'année 1995. L'étude montre qu'au Sénégal l'éducation est en général un secteur d'investissement rentable où le rendement privé est plus élevé que le rendement social. De plus, une analyse par sous-secteur fait ressortir que l'investissement social dans le secondaire et le supérieur n'est pas rentable contrairement à l'enseignement primaire et moyen. Enfin, le chômage et le redoublement ont un impact négatif sur les rentabilités sociale et privée.

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Paper provided by CIRPEE in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 0345.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:lvl:lacicr:0345
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  1. Alan Krueger & Orley Ashenfelter, 1992. "Estimates of the Economic Return to Schooling from a New Sample of Twins," NBER Working Papers 4143, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Joshua D. Angrist & Alan B. Keueger, 1991. "Does Compulsory School Attendance Affect Schooling and Earnings?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(4), pages 979-1014.
  3. Psacharopoulos, George & Patrinos, Harry Anthony, 2002. "Returns to investment in education : a further update," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2881, The World Bank.
  4. Behrman, Jere R & Birdsall, Nancy, 1983. "The Quality of Schooling: Quantity Alone is Misleading," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(5), pages 928-46, December.
  5. Heywood, John S., 1994. "How widespread are sheepskin returns to education in the U.S.?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 227-234, September.
  6. Sébastien Laurent, 2001. "Capital humain, emploi et salaire en Belgique et dans ses régions," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 25-36.
  7. Nazrul Islam, 1995. "Growth Empirics: A Panel Data Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(4), pages 1127-1170.
  8. McKinley L. Blackburn & David Neumark, 1993. "Are OLS Estimates of the Return to Schooling Biased Downward? Another Look," NBER Working Papers 4259, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Arrow, Kenneth J., 1973. "Higher education as a filter," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 193-216, July.
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