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Systemic Risk and the European Banking Sector

Author

Listed:
  • Nicola Borri

    () (LUISS Guido Carli University, Department of Economics and Finance and CASMEF)

  • Marianna Caccavaio

    () (LUISS Guido Carli University, Department of Economics and Finance and CASMEF)

  • Giorgio Di Giorgio

    () (LUISS Guido Carli University, Department of Economics and Finance and CASMEF)

  • Alberto Maria Sorrentino

    () (University of Rome Tor Vergata and CASMEF)

Abstract

Systemic risk is the risk of a collapse of the entire financial system, typically triggered by the default of one, or more, large and interconnected financial institutions. In this paper we estimate the systemic risk contribution of each financial institution in a large sample of European banks. We follow a recent methodology first proposed by Adrian and Brunnermeier (2011) based on the CoVaR and find that size is a predictor of a bank contribution to systemic risk, but it is not the only one. Leverage is important as well. Also, banks that have their headquarters in countries with a more concentrated banking system tend to contribute more to European wide systemic risk, even after controlling for their size. Therefore, any financial regulation designed only to curb banksÕ size would not completely eliminate systemic risk. On average, balance sheet variables are very weak predictors of banksÕ contribution to systemic risk, if compared to market based variables. Accounting rules provide enough degrees of freedom to make balance sheet less informative than market prices. As a result, measures of risk based on higher frequency market prices are more likely to anticipate systemic risk.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicola Borri & Marianna Caccavaio & Giorgio Di Giorgio & Alberto Maria Sorrentino, 2012. "Systemic Risk and the European Banking Sector," Working Papers CASMEF 1211, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli.
  • Handle: RePEc:lui:casmef:1211
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Huang, Xin & Zhou, Hao & Zhu, Haibin, 2009. "A framework for assessing the systemic risk of major financial institutions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(11), pages 2036-2049, November.
    2. Sheri Markose & Simone Giansante & Mateusz Gatkowski & Ali Rais Shaghaghi, 2010. "Too Interconnected To Fail: Financial Contagion and Systemic Risk In Network Model of CDS and Other Credit Enhancement Obligations of US Banks," Working Papers 033, COMISEF.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gabriela-Victoria Anghelache & Dumitru-Cristian Oanea, 2016. "Romanian Commercial Banks’ Systemic Risk and Its Determinants: A CoVAR Approach," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 6(3), pages 96-109, July.
    2. Kleinow, Jacob & Moreira, Fernando, 2016. "Systemic risk among European banks: A copula approach," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 27-42.
    3. Jacob Kleinow & Tobias Nell, 2015. "Determinants of systemically important banks: the case of Europe," Journal of Financial Economic Policy, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 7(4), pages 446-476, November.
    4. Gabriela Anghelache & Dumitru-Cristian Oanea, 2014. "Main Romanian Commercial Banks’ Systemic Risk during Financial Crisis: a CoVar Approach," The Review of Finance and Banking, Academia de Studii Economice din Bucuresti, Romania / Facultatea de Finante, Asigurari, Banci si Burse de Valori / Catedra de Finante, vol. 6(2), pages 069-080, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Systemic Risk; SIFIs; European Banking System; CoVaR.;

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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