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Trade Patterns and International Technology Spillovers:Theory and Evidence from Patent Citations

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  • Naoto Jinji
  • Xingyuan Zhang
  • Shoji Haruna

Abstract

In this paper, we develop a two-country model of monopolistic competition with quality differentiation by extending the model of Melitz and Ottaviano (2008) and examine the relationship between the bilateral trade structure and international technology spillovers. We show that bilateral trade patterns and the extent of technology spillovers will change, depending on the technology gap between two countries. We then test predictions of the model by using bilateral trade data among 44 countries and patent citation data at the U.S., European, and Japanese Patent Offices. We use patent citations as a proxy for spillovers of technological knowledge. Trade patterns are categorized into three types: one-way trade (OWT), horizontal intra-industry trade (HIIT), and vertical intra-industry trade (VIIT). Each of OWT and VIIT is further divided into two subcategories, based on the direction of trade. We find that intra-industry trade plays a significant role in technology spillovers. In particular, HIIT is associated with larger technology spillovers than VIIT, which confirms the predictions of the model.

Suggested Citation

  • Naoto Jinji & Xingyuan Zhang & Shoji Haruna, 2010. "Trade Patterns and International Technology Spillovers:Theory and Evidence from Patent Citations," Discussion papers e-10-006, Graduate School of Economics Project Center, Kyoto University, revised Mar 2011.
  • Handle: RePEc:kue:dpaper:e-10-006
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    Cited by:

    1. Naoto Jinji & Xingyuan Zhang & Shoji Haruna, 2012. "The Effect of Regional Trade Agreements on Technology Spillovers through International Trade," Discussion papers e-11-006, Graduate School of Economics Project Center, Kyoto University.
    2. Naoto Jinji & Xingyuan Zhang & Shoji Haruna, 2013. "Do Regional Trade Agreements Enhance International Technology Spillovers?," Discussion papers e-12-010, Graduate School of Economics Project Center, Kyoto University.
    3. JINJI Naoto & ZHANG Xingyuan & HARUNA Shoji, 2011. "Does the Structure of Multinational Enterprises' Activity Affect Technology Spillovers?," Discussion papers 11027, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    technology spillovers; patent citations; intra-industry trade; firm heterogeneity;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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