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Friendship Network in the Classroom: Parents Bias and Peer Effects

Author

Listed:
  • Fabio Landini

    (Department of Economics, University of Siena)

  • Natalia Montinari

    (University of Lund)

  • Paolo Pin

    (University of Siena)

  • Marco Piovesan

    (Department of Economics, Copenhagen University)

Abstract

We interview both parents and their children enrolled in six primary schools in the district of Treviso (Italy). We study the structural differences between the children network of friends reported by children and the one elicited asking their parents. We find that the parents’ network has a bias: parents expect peer effects on school achievement to be stronger than what they really are. Thus, parents of low-performing students report their children to be friends of high-performing students. Our numerical simulations indicate that when this bias is combined with a bias on how some children target friends, then there is a multiplier effect on the expected school achievement.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio Landini & Natalia Montinari & Paolo Pin & Marco Piovesan, 2014. "Friendship Network in the Classroom: Parents Bias and Peer Effects," Discussion Papers 14-06, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:kud:kuiedp:1406
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    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Social networks; primary school; friendships; parents' bias; homophily; peer effects; bonacich centrality;

    JEL classification:

    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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