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How Big is the Gig? Assessing the Preliminary Evidence on the Effects of Digitalization on the Labor Market

Author

Listed:
  • Eichhorst, Werner

    () (IZA)

  • Hinte, Holger

    () (IZA)

  • Rinne, Ulf

    () (IZA)

  • Tobsch, Verena

    () (E-x-AKT WIRTSCHAFTSFORSCHUNG)

Abstract

This paper assesses the importance of digitalization in Germany and other developed countries with a particular attention to the potential or actual impact it may have on the labor market. Referring to available empirical evidence, we document the already developing transformation of occupations and forms of employment and the role of the platform economy, including the phenomenon of solo self-employment. We then derive current and future challenges for social protection and suggest some ideas to update social insurance in the face of these new challenges.

Suggested Citation

  • Eichhorst, Werner & Hinte, Holger & Rinne, Ulf & Tobsch, Verena, 2016. "How Big is the Gig? Assessing the Preliminary Evidence on the Effects of Digitalization on the Labor Market," IZA Policy Papers 117, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izapps:pp117
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Eichhorst, Werner & Hinte, Holger & Spermann, Alexander & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2015. "Die neue Beweglichkeit: Die Gewerkschaften in der digitalen Arbeitswelt," IZA Standpunkte 82, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Melanie Arntz & Terry Gregory & Ulrich Zierahn, 2016. "The Risk of Automation for Jobs in OECD Countries: A Comparative Analysis," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 189, OECD Publishing.
    3. Dengler, Katharina & Matthes, Britta, 2015. "Folgen der Digitalisierung für die Arbeitswelt : Substituierbarkeitspotenziale von Berufen in Deutschland," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201511, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    4. Michael Arnold & Anselm Mattes & Gert G. Wagner, 2016. "Normale Arbeitsverhältnisse sind weiterhin die Regel," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 83(19), pages 419-427.
    5. Karl Brenke, 2013. "Allein tätige Selbständige: starkes Beschäftigungswachstum, oft nur geringe Einkommen," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 80(7), pages 3-16.
    6. Eichhorst, Werner & Tobsch, Verena & Wehner, Caroline, 2016. "Neue Qualität der Arbeit? Zur Entwicklung von Arbeitskulturen und Fehlzeiten," IZA Standpunkte 84, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    7. Werner Eichhorst & Alexander Spermann, 2016. "Sharing Economy: Mehr Chancen als Risiken?
      [Sharing Economy – Boon or Bane?]
      ," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer;German National Library of Economics, vol. 96(6), pages 433-439, June.
    8. Eichhorst, Werner & Tobsch, Verena, 2014. "Flexible Arbeitswelten: Eine Bestandsaufnahme," IZA Standpunkte 72, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
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    Cited by:

    1. Eichhorst, Werner & Rinne, Ulf, 2017. "Digital Challenges for the Welfare State," IZA Policy Papers 134, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. repec:iza:izawol:journl:2017:n:379 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Valerio De Stefano & Antonio Aloisi, 2018. "European legal framework for "digital labour platforms"," JRC Working Papers JRC112243, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    4. Askitas, Nikos & Eichhorst, Werner & Fahrenholtz, Benedikt & Meys, Nicolas & Ody, Margard, 2018. "Industrial Relations and Social Dialogue in the Age of Collaborative Economy (IRSDACE)," IZA Research Reports 86, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Thomsen, Stephan L, 2018. "Die Rolle der Computerisierung und Digitalisierung für Beschäftigung und Einkommen," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-645, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    digitization; robots; automation; future of work; industry 4.0; technical changes; sharing economy; platform economy; labor market; welfare state;

    JEL classification:

    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy

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