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Exploring the Causality Links between Energy and Employment in African Countries

  • Arouri, Mohamed El Hedi


    (EDHEC Business School)

  • Ben Youssef, Adel


    (University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis)

  • M'henni, Hatem


    (University of Manouba)

  • Rault, Christophe


    (University of Orléans)

Using a bootstrap panel analysis that allows for cross-country dependence, without requiring the use of pre-tests for a unit root, we study the causality links between energy use and employment for a sample of 16 African countries over the 1991-2010 period (according to availability of countries' data) in a panel Vector AutoRegressive model. Our results indicate that employment and energy use are strongly linked in Africa. Unidirectional causality from employment to energy use in Tunisia, Cameroun, Zambia and Ethiopia is found. A unidirectional causality from energy use to employment is found in DRC and Egypt. We found also bidirectional causality for Algeria, Benin, Kenya, Mozambique and Tanzania). However, our estimates did not indicate any causality in Big African players like South Africa, Nigeria, Morocco, Ghana and Senegal.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 8296.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8296
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