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Do Employees Profit from Profit Sharing? Evidence from Canadian Panel Data

Author

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  • Long, Richard J.

    (University of Saskatchewan)

  • Fang, Tony

    (Memorial University of Newfoundland)

Abstract

Using panel data from a large sample of Canadian establishments, this paper examines whether employee earnings increase, decrease, or do not change in the period subsequent to adoption of profit sharing, relative to establishments that do not adopt profit sharing. Our research contributes to knowledge by utilizing longitudinal analysis to assess the effects of profit sharing adoption on employee earnings growth within a carefully constructed sample of Canadian establishments, and by assessing both cash real earnings growth and total real earnings growth, while controlling for a wide array of variables that may affect these results. On average, employees in Canadian establishments that adopted profit sharing during 1999-2001 appeared to benefit from the introduction of profit sharing, in terms of both their cash real earnings growth and total real earnings growth, in the five-year span following introduction of profit sharing. This advantage was both statistically and practically significant, adding about 15 percentage points to real employee earnings growth over the five-year period, a period during which employee earnings growth was generally modest.

Suggested Citation

  • Long, Richard J. & Fang, Tony, 2012. "Do Employees Profit from Profit Sharing? Evidence from Canadian Panel Data," IZA Discussion Papers 6749, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6749
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Long, Richard J. & Fang, Tony, 2013. "Profit Sharing and Workplace Productivity: Does Teamwork Play a Role?," IZA Discussion Papers 7869, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Vladimir Pecheu, 2021. "Profit Sharing as a Bargaining Weapon Against Unions," Working Papers halshs-03247551, HAL.
    3. Jaakko Pehkonen & Sampo Pehkonen & Matthias Strifler & Mika Maliranta, 2017. "Profit Sharing and the Firm-Size Wage Premium," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 31(2), pages 153-173, June.
    4. Mirella Damiani & Fabrizio Pompei & Andrea Ricci, 2023. "Tax breaks for incentive pay, productivity and wages: Evidence from a reform in Italy," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 61(1), pages 188-213, March.
    5. Noélie Delahaie & Richard Duhautois, 2013. "L'impact des dispositifs collectifs de partage des bénéfices sur les rémunérations en France. Une analyse empirique sur la période 1999-2007," Working Papers halshs-00967479, HAL.
    6. Noélie Delahaie & Richard Duhautois, 2019. "Profit‐Sharing and Wages: An Empirical Analysis Using French Data between 2000 and 2007," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 57(1), pages 107-142, March.
    7. Leila Baghdadi & Rihab Bellakhal & Marc-Arthur Diaye, 2016. "Financial Participation: Does the Risk Transfer Story Hold in France?," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 54(1), pages 3-29, March.
    8. Tony Fang, 2016. "Profit sharing: Consequences for workers," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 225-225, January.
    9. Petr Petera & Jana Fibírová, 2015. "Basic Approaches to Profit-Sharing and Ideas for Utilization [Základní přístupy k "profit-sharingu" a náměty na další využití]," Český finanční a účetní časopis, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2015(3), pages 97-117.
    10. Jaylson Jair da Silveira & Gilberto Tadeu Lima, 2017. "Employee Profit-sharing and Labor Extraction in a Classical Model of Distribution and Growth," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(4), pages 613-635, October.
    11. Jaakko Pehkonen & Sampo Pehkonen & Matthias Strifler, 2017. "Wage Effects of Firm Size: Evidence from Linked Employer-Employee Panel," Finnish Economic Papers, Finnish Economic Association, vol. 28(1), pages 1-9, Autumn.
    12. Emmanuel Petrakis & Panagiotis Skartados, 2018. "Strategic Profit–Sharing in a Unionized Differentiated Goods Duopoly," Working Papers 1801, University of Crete, Department of Economics.
    13. Dong, Zhiqiang & Luo, Zijun & Wei, Xiahai, 2016. "Social insurance with Chinese characteristics: The role of communist party in private firms," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 40-51.
    14. Gilberto Tadeu Lima & Jaylson Jair Silveira, 2021. "Evolutionary microdynamics of employee profit sharing as productivity-enhancing device," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 31(2), pages 417-449, April.
    15. Emmanuel Petrakis & Panagiotis Skartados, 2021. "Strategic profit‐sharing in a unionized differentiated goods oligopoly," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 54(2), pages 582-622, May.
    16. Vladimir Pecheu, 2021. "Profit Sharing as a Bargaining Weapon Against Unions," AMSE Working Papers 2135, Aix-Marseille School of Economics, France.
    17. Mobegi Fred Morara & Dr. Meshack Misoi & Dr. Jackson Ong’eta Oyaro, 2021. "Analysis of the Relationship between Management Remuneration and Financial Performance of Selected Public Listed Companies in the Nairobi Securities Exchange," International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science, International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS), vol. 5(08), pages 825-831, August.
    18. Gilberto Tadeu Lima & Jaylson Jair da Silveira, 2018. "Macrodynamic Implications of Employee Profit Sharing as Effort Elicitation Device," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2018_02, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    firm-worker linked survey; employee earnings; profit sharing plans; Canada;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J33 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Compensation Packages; Payment Methods
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy

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