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The Measurement of Health Inequalities: Does Status Matter?

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  • Costa-Font, Joan

    () (London School of Economics)

  • Cowell, Frank A.

    () (London School of Economics)

Abstract

Approaches to measuring health inequalities are often problematic in that they use methods that are inappropriate for categorical data. The approach here focuses on "pure" or univariate health inequality (rather than income-related or bivariate health inequality) and is based on a concept of individual status that allows a consistent treatment of such data. We use several versions of the status concept and apply methods for treating categorical data to examine self-assessed health inequality for the countries contained in the World Health Survey; we also use regression analysis on the apparent determinants of these health inequality estimates. Our findings indicate major differences in health-inequality rankings depending on the status concept. We find evidence that health inequalities vary with median health status alongside indicators of institutional performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Costa-Font, Joan & Cowell, Frank A., 2019. "The Measurement of Health Inequalities: Does Status Matter?," IZA Discussion Papers 12390, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp12390
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. The Measurement of Health Inequalities: Does Status Matter?
      by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2019-08-22 20:27:34

    More about this item

    Keywords

    health inequality; categorical data; entropy measures; health surveys; upward status; downward status;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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