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Financial Inclusion, Shocks and Poverty: Evidence from the Expansion of Mobile Money in Tanzania

Author

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  • Abiona, Olukorede

    () (University of Leicester)

  • Koppensteiner, Martin Foureaux

    () (University of Surrey)

Abstract

We estimate the effect of mobile money adoption on consumption smoothing, poverty and human capital investments in Tanzania. We exploit the rapid expansion of the mobile money agent network between 2010 and 2012 and combine this with idiosyncratic shocks from variation in rainfall over time and across space in an instrumented DiD methodology. We find that adopter households are able to smooth consumption during periods of shocks and maintain their investments in human capital. Results on time use of children and labor force participation complement the findings on the important role of mobile money for the intergenerational transmission of poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Abiona, Olukorede & Koppensteiner, Martin Foureaux, 2018. "Financial Inclusion, Shocks and Poverty: Evidence from the Expansion of Mobile Money in Tanzania," IZA Discussion Papers 11928, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11928
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    poverty; rainfall; household shocks; mobile money; human capital accumulation; Tanzania;

    JEL classification:

    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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