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Equality of Opportunity, Moral Hazard and the Timing of Luck

Author

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  • Lefranc, Arnaud

    () (University of Cergy-Pontoise)

  • Trannoy, Alain

    () (EHESS, Paris)

Abstract

Equality of opportunity is usually defined as a situation where the effect of circumstances on outcome is nullified (compensation principle) and effort is rewarded (reward principle). We propose a new version of the reward principle based on the idea that effort deserves reward for it is costly. We show that luck can be introduced in two ways in the definition of these principles, depending on whether the correlation between luck and circumstances should be nullified and whether the correlation between luck and effort should be rewarded. In this regard, the timing of luck with respect to effort decisions is crucial, as is exemplified by moral hazard where effort choice influences the lottery of future uncertain events.

Suggested Citation

  • Lefranc, Arnaud & Trannoy, Alain, 2017. "Equality of Opportunity, Moral Hazard and the Timing of Luck," IZA Discussion Papers 10645, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10645
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    equality of opportunity; effort; luck; timeline; moral hazard; reward;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General

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