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Spatial Labor Markets and Technology Spillovers - Analysis from the US Midwest

Author

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  • Miranowski, John
  • Monchuk, Daniel C.

Abstract

In this paper we examine the relation between geographic location and innovative behavior. Knowledge spillins, as opposed to knowledge spillovers, are modeled as an externality which exists between geographically close economic agents and enters the representative inventor production function explicitly from neighboring regions. To proxy new innovative behavior and new knowledge generated we use counts of patent filings per county. The proposed geographic spillin is tested for the US Midwestern States of Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota and North Dakota using a newly constructed data set and implementing spatial statistical methods. The data set is comprised of primary inventor utility patent filings per county for the years 1975-2000. The results do indeed suggest spatial interaction does occur and innovative activity in surrounding counties is an important factor in explaining new innovative behavior. Further analysis also reveals lagged patenting behavior within the county also has a significant impact on patenting activity suggesting innovative externalities exist over both space and time.

Suggested Citation

  • Miranowski, John & Monchuk, Daniel C., 2004. "Spatial Labor Markets and Technology Spillovers - Analysis from the US Midwest," Staff General Research Papers Archive 12196, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:12196
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    File URL: http://www2.econ.iastate.edu/papers/p3901-2004-10-11.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Marta Yánez Contreras & Marta Yánez Contreras, 2010. "El mercado laboral desde una perspectiva espacial," REVISTA APUNTES DEL CENES, UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGOGICA Y TECNOLOGICA DE COLOMBIA, September.
    2. Chi, Wei & Qian, Xiaoye, 2009. "The role of education in regional innovation activities and economic growth: spatial evidence from China," MPRA Paper 15779, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Neupane, Anish & Boxall, Peter C. & Pelletier, Rick, 2004. "Assessing the recreation values at risk from wildfire: an exploratory analysis," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 19986, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    4. Bukenya, James O., 2009. "Employment Growth in the Rural South: Do Sectors Matter?," 2009 Annual Meeting, January 31-February 3, 2009, Atlanta, Georgia 45903, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    5. Muguku, Samuel & Bukenya, James O., 2005. "Examining Interdependence Between Location, Employment And Commuting Patterns In Alabama," 2005 Annual Meeting, February 5-9, 2005, Little Rock, Arkansas 35557, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.

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    Keywords

    patents; employment growth; technology spillovers; spatial spillovers;

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