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TARP Effect on Bank Lending Behaviour: Evidence from the last Financial Crisis

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  • Stefano Puddu
  • Andreas Waelchli

Abstract

Using a unique data set based on US commercial banks and county level loan origination for the period 2005-2010, we measure whether banks that benefited from the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) increase small business loan originations. We propose an identification strategy which exploits the ownership structure of bank holding companies. We find that TARP banks provide on average 19% higher small business loan originations than NO TARP banks. The disaggregated data allows us to control for the potential demand side effects. When considering poverty and unemployment rates at a county level we show that TARP is effective only in counties suffering from unemployment. Several robustness checks confirm the main result.

Suggested Citation

  • Stefano Puddu & Andreas Waelchli, 2015. "TARP Effect on Bank Lending Behaviour: Evidence from the last Financial Crisis," IRENE Working Papers 15-06, IRENE Institute of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:irn:wpaper:15-06
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Berger, Allen N. & Demirgüç-Kunt, Asli, 2021. "Banking research in the time of COVID-19," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 57(C).
    2. Bachmann, Manuel, 2018. "The Impact of Ex Ante Regulations and Ex Post Interventions on Bank Lending and Solvency," Department of Economics Working Paper Series 269, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business.
    3. Allen N. Berger & Raluca Roman & John Sedunov, 2016. "Do bank bailouts reduce or increase systemic risk? the effects of TARP on financial system stability," Research Working Paper RWP 16-8, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
    4. Chen Zheng & Adrian (Wai Kong) Cheung & Tom Cronje, 2022. "The Impact of TARP Capital Infusion on Bank Liquidity Creation: Does Bank Size Matter?," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 18(2), pages 283-347, June.
    5. Bolortuya Enkhtaivan & Wenling Lu, 2021. "The effect of TARP on lending: Evidence from the lead bank’s share in syndicated loans," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 57(4), pages 1169-1193, November.
    6. Kleymenova, Anya & Rose, Andrew K. & Wieladek, Tomasz, 2016. "Does Government Intervention Affect Banking Globalization?," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 43-58.
    7. Berger, Allen N. & Molyneux, Phil & Wilson, John O.S., 2020. "Banks and the real economy: An assessment of the research," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    8. Agarwal, Sumit & Zhang, Yunqi, 2018. "Effects of government bailouts on mortgage modification," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 54-70.
    9. Allen N. Berger & Raluca Roman, 2015. "Did saving Wall Street really save Main Street : the real effects of TARP on local economic conditions," Research Working Paper RWP 15-13, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
    10. Bassett, William & Demiralp, Selva & Lloyd, Nathan, 2020. "Government support of banks and bank lending," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 112(C).
    11. Jang, Karen Y., 2017. "The effect of TARP on the propagation of real estate shocks: Evidence from geographically diversified banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 173-192.
    12. Florentina Melnic, 2017. "The Financial Crisis Response. Comparative Analysis Between European Union And Usa," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 19, pages 129-155, June.
    13. Perdichizzi, Salvatore & Duqi, Andi & Molyneux, Philip & Tamimi, Hussein Al, 2023. "Does unconventional monetary policy boost local economic development? The case of TLTROs and Italy," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 148(C).
    14. Li, Boyao, 2021. "When government expenditure meets bank regulation: The impact of government expenditure on credit supply," MPRA Paper 111311, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Sedunov, John, 2021. "Federal reserve intervention and systemic risk during financial crises," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    16. Allen N. Berger, 2018. "The Benefits and Costs of the TARP Bailouts: A Critical Assessment," Quarterly Journal of Finance (QJF), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 8(02), pages 1-29, June.
    17. Manuel Bachmann, 2018. "The Impact of Ex Ante Regulations and Ex Post Interventions on Bank Lending and Solvency," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp269, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    TARP; Financial Crisis; Loan provision;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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