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Where Does Multinational Investment Go with Territorial Taxation? Evidence from the UK

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  • Ms. Li Liu

Abstract

In 2009, the United Kingdom changed from a worldwide to a territorial tax system, abolishing dividend taxes on foreign repatriation from many low-tax countries. This paper assesses the causal effect of territorial taxation on real investments, using a unique dataset for multinational affiliates in 27 European countries and employing the difference-in-difference approach. It finds that the territorial reform has increased the investment rate of UK multinationals by 15.7 percentage points in low-tax countries. In the absence of any significant investment reduction elsewhere, the findings represent a likely increase in total outbound investment by UK multinationals.

Suggested Citation

  • Ms. Li Liu, 2018. "Where Does Multinational Investment Go with Territorial Taxation? Evidence from the UK," IMF Working Papers 2018/007, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:2018/007
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Grubert, Harry, 1998. "Taxes and the division of foreign operating income among royalties, interest, dividends and retained earnings," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 269-290, May.
    2. Fritz Foley, C. & Hartzell, Jay C. & Titman, Sheridan & Twite, Garry, 2007. "Why do firms hold so much cash? A tax-based explanation," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(3), pages 579-607, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Thiess Büttner & Carolin Holzmann, 2019. "Switching from Worldwide to Territorial Taxation: Empirical Evidence of FDI Effects," CESifo Working Paper Series 7462, CESifo.
    2. Holzmann, Carolin & Büttner, Thiess, 2018. "Switching to Territorial Taxation: FDI Effects for Host-Countries of Foreign Subsidiaries," VfS Annual Conference 2018 (Freiburg, Breisgau): Digital Economy 181555, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    3. Dhammika Dharmapala, 2018. "The Consequences of the TCJA's International Provisions: Lessons from Existing Research," CESifo Working Paper Series 7249, CESifo.
    4. Suhee Kim & William Rees & Vathunyoo Sila, 2020. "Do anti‐bribery laws reduce the cost of equity? Evidence from the UK Bribery Act 2010," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(3-4), pages 438-455, March.
    5. Nigel A Chalk & Michael Keen & Victoria J Perry, 2018. "The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act: An Appraisal," IMF Working Papers 2018/185, International Monetary Fund.

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