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Interconnectedness of Global Systemically-Important Banks and Insurers


  • Sheheryar Malik
  • Ms. TengTeng Xu


Interconnectedness among global systemically important banks (GSIBs) and global systemically important insurers (GSIIs) has important financial stability implications. This paper examines connectedness among United States, European and Asian GSIBs and GSIIs, using publicly-available daily equity returns and intra-day volatility data from October 2007 to August 2016. Results reveal strong regional clusters of return and volatility connectedness amongst GSIBs and GSIIs. Compared to Asia, selected GSIBs and GSIIs headquartered in the United States and Europe appear to be main sources of market-based connectedness. Total system connectedness—i.e., among all GSIBs and GSIIs—tends to rise during financial stress, which is corroborated by a balance sheet oriented systemic risk measure. Lastly, the paper demonstrates significant influence of economic policy uncertainty and U.S. long-term interest rates on total connectedness among systemically important institutions, and the important role of bank profitability and asset quality in driving bank-specific return connectedness.

Suggested Citation

  • Sheheryar Malik & Ms. TengTeng Xu, 2017. "Interconnectedness of Global Systemically-Important Banks and Insurers," IMF Working Papers 2017/210, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:2017/210

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    1. Guan-Chun Liu & Chien-Chiang Lee, 2019. "The relationship between insurance and banking sectors: does financial structure matter?," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan;The Geneva Association, vol. 44(4), pages 569-594, October.
    2. Andrieş, Alin Marius & Ongena, Steven & Sprincean, Nicu & Tunaru, Radu, 2022. "Risk spillovers and interconnectedness between systemically important institutions," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 58(C).
    3. Neharika Sobti, 2018. "Domestic intermarket linkages: measuring dynamic return and volatility connectedness among Indian financial markets," DECISION: Official Journal of the Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Springer;Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, vol. 45(4), pages 325-344, December.
    4. Tristan Jourde, 2022. "The rising interconnectedness of the insurance sector," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 89(2), pages 397-425, June.
    5. Dungey, Mardi & Islam, Raisul & Volkov, Vladimir, 2020. "Crisis transmission: Visualizing vulnerability," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 59(C).
    6. International Monetary Fund, 2018. "Euro Area Policies: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Systemic Risk Analysis," IMF Staff Country Reports 2018/231, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Foglia, Matteo & Angelini, Eliana, 2020. "From me to you: Measuring connectedness between Eurozone financial institutions," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
    8. Nadal De Simone, Francisco, 2021. "Measuring the deadly embrace: Systemic and sovereign risks," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 56(C).

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