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La Belleza y su Efecto en el Mercado Laboral: Evidencia para Chile

Este trabajo investiga el premio de la “belleza” en una muestra de ingenieros comerciales egresados desde 1978 a 1998. Usando un diseño experimental se construyó un índice de belleza por individuo en base a la percepción de un grupo de personas seleccionadas aleatoriamente, quienes calificaron fotos. Los resultados indican que el efecto de la “belleza” está presente sólo en los años iniciales en el mercado laboral, como un “premio” por estar sobre el promedio para las mujeres, llegando a ser del orden del 33%, y como un “castigo” por estar bajo el promedio para los hombres, cercano al 36%. Otro resultado es que el efecto para los hombres se disipa más rápidamente que para las mujeres, a medida que ganan experiencia en el mercado laboral. Por último, aunque la evidencia no es concluyente los resultados indican que el premio a la belleza es mayor en el sector privado y para trabajadores dependientes o empleados.

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Paper provided by Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines in its series ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers with number inv204.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ila:ilades:inv204
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  1. Naci Mocan & Erdal Tekin, 2006. "Ugly Criminals," NBER Working Papers 12019, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Lawrence F. Katz, 1986. "Efficiency Wage Theories: A Partial Evaluation," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1986, Volume 1, pages 235-290 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Jeff E. Biddle & Daniel S. Hamermesh, 1995. "Beauty, Productivity and Discrimination: Lawyers' Looks and Lucre," NBER Working Papers 5366, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Susan Averett & Sanders Korenman, 1993. "The Economic Reality of the Beauty Myth," NBER Working Papers 4521, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Andreoni,J. & Petrie,R., 2004. "Beauty, gender and stereotypes : evidence from laboratory experiments," Working papers 6, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
  6. Sergio Salas Landeau & Dante Contreras, 2003. "Chilean labor market efficiency: an earning frontier approach," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 30(1 Year 20), pages 87-102, June.
  7. Spence, A Michael, 1973. "Job Market Signaling," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 87(3), pages 355-74, August.
  8. Daniel S. Hamermesh & Xin Meng & Junsen Zhang, 1999. "Dress for Success -- Does Primping Pay?," NBER Working Papers 7167, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. repec:ver:wpaper:18 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Harper, Barry, 2000. " Beauty, Stature and the Labour Market: A British Cohort Study," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 62(0), pages 771-800, Special I.
  11. Hamermesh, Daniel S & Biddle, Jeff E, 1994. "Beauty and the Labor Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(5), pages 1174-94, December.
  12. John Cawley, 2000. "Body Weight and Women's Labor Market Outcomes," NBER Working Papers 7841, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Hamermesh, Daniel S., 2006. "Changing looks and changing "discrimination": The beauty of economists," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 93(3), pages 405-412, December.
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