The Economic Reality of the Beauty Myth
We investigate income, marital status, and hourly pay differentials by body mass (kg/m 2 ) in a sample of 23- to 31-year-olds drawn from the 1988 NLSY. Obese women have lower family incomes than women whose weight-for-height is in the "recommended" range. Results for men are weaker and mixed. We find similar results when we compare same-sex siblings in order to control for family background (for example, social class) differences. Differences in economic status by body mass for women increase markedly when we use an earlier weight measure or restrict the sample to persons who were single and childless when the early weight was reported. There is some evidence of labor market discrimination against obese women. Differences in marriage probabilities and spouse's earnings, however, account for 50 to 95 percent of their lower economic status. There is little evidence that obese African American women suffer an economic penalty relative to other African American women.
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- Richard H. Steckel, 1992.
"Stature and Living Standards in the United States,"
NBER Chapters,in: American Economic Growth and Standards of Living before the Civil War, pages 265-310
National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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