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Can urban renewal policies reverse neighborhood ethnic dynamics?

Author

Listed:
  • Nicolas González Pampillón

    () (Universitat de Barcelona & IEB)

  • Jordi Jofre-Monseny

    () (Universitat de Barcelona & IEB)

  • Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal

    () (Universitat de Barcelona & IEB & CEPR)

Abstract

This paper assesses the impact on neighborhood population dynamics of a major urban renewal policy implemented in Catalonia (Spain) between 2004 and 2010. Some of the most deprived neighborhoods in the region received large investments in their public spaces and facilities with the aim of attracting natives and high income individuals and of reducing the concentration of poverty and immigration. The control group comprises rejected projects and projects accepted towards the end of the program that, due to a fall in public tax revenues, were never executed. The results suggest that the urban renewal projects had little (if any) effects on population dynamics, suggesting that substantial investment in deprived neighborhoods is insufficient to attract natives and/or high income households. Interestingly, the sole exception were the interventions made in Barcelona’s historic districts, where the policy seems to have augmented ongoing processes of urban revival into its most deprived neighborhoods furthering processes of gentrification.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolas González Pampillón & Jordi Jofre-Monseny & Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal, 2017. "Can urban renewal policies reverse neighborhood ethnic dynamics?," Working Papers 2017/01, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  • Handle: RePEc:ieb:wpaper:doc2017-01
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    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Place-based policies; income mixing; neighborhood segregation;

    JEL classification:

    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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