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¿A quién le hacen falta líderes autoritarios?

  • Alberto Chong

    ()

  • Mark Gradstein

El modelo de este trabajo hace pensar que un líder autoritario, a pesar de disfrutar de una escasa supervisión por parte del poder legislativo, puede gozar de respaldo popular. El argumento es que ese respaldo se induce con la intención de que los pobres contrarresten la subversión de la protección oficial de los derechos de propiedad de que gozan los ricos y para lograrlo a menudo están dispuestos a pagar el precio de aceptar la malversación de ingresos tributarios por parte del líder para fines privados. En este trabajo, que analiza las actitudes individuales hacia un liderazgo autoritario, se descubre que el apoyo a un liderazgo fuerte guarda una relación inversa al ingreso individual y a la desigualdad de ingresos en todo el país.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4564.

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Date of creation: Jan 2008
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4564
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  1. Rafael Di Tella & Robert MacCulloch, 2007. "Why Doesn't Capitalism Flow to Poor Countries?," NBER Working Papers 13164, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Matteo Bobba & Decio Coviello, 2006. "Weak Instruments and Weak Identification in Estimating the Effects of Education on Democracy," Research Department Publications 4472, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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  9. Branko Milanovic, 1999. "Explaining the increase in inequality during transition," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 7(2), pages 299-341, July.
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  13. Kai A. Konrad & Stergios Skaperdas, 2005. "The Market for Protection and the Origin of the State," CESifo Working Paper Series 1578, CESifo Group Munich.
  14. Andrei Shleifer & Daniel Treisman, 2005. "A Normal Country: Russia After Communism," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 19(1), pages 151-174, Winter.
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  17. Heitor Almeida & Daniel Ferreira, 2002. "Democracy and the Variability of Economic Performance," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(3), pages 225-257, November.
  18. Mark Gradstein, 2007. "Inequality, democracy and the protection of property rights," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(516), pages 252-269, 01.
  19. Timothy Besley & Masayuki Kudamatsu, 2007. "Making autocracy work," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 3764, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  20. Benjamin F. Jones & Benjamin A. Olken, 2005. "Do Leaders Matter? National Leadership and Growth Since World War II," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 120(3), pages 835-864, August.
  21. Papaioannou, Elias & Siourounis, Gregorios, 2008. "Democratization and Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 6987, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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