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Discrimination in Latin America: An Elephant in the Room?

  • Alberto Chong

    ()

  • Hugo Ñopo

    ()

This paper surveys evidence on discrimination in Latin America and shows that there is a widespread perception of discrimination, especially against the poor, the uneducated and those who lack connections. The channels through which discrimination occurs may be built on the basis of economic factors. However, while perception surveys may be informative, they are less than ideal at helping pinpoint the extent and mechanisms related. Recent experimental evidence suggests little room for discriminatory practices in the region. This puzzle, where individuals perceive discrimination is in the air, but few act discriminatorily, is consistent with an explanation about stereotyping that vanishes when information flows operate well.

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File URL: http://www.iadb.org/research/pub_hits.cfm?pub_id=WP-614&pub_file_name=pubWP-614.pdf
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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4536.

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Date of creation: Jul 2007
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4536
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  1. Eduardo Gandelman & Néstor Gandelman & Julie Rothschild, 2008. "Gender Differentials in Judicial Proceedings: Field Evidence from Housing-Related Cases in Uruguay," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 43558, Inter-American Development Bank.
  2. David Bravo & Claudia Sanhueza & Sergio Urzua, 2008. "An Experimental Study of Labor Market Discrimination: Gender, Social Class and Neighborhood in Chile," Research Department Publications 3242, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  3. Hugo Nopo, 2004. "Gender and Racial Discrimination in Hiring: A Pseudo Audit Study for Three Selected Occupations in Metropolitan Lima," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 321, Econometric Society.
  4. Juan Camilo Cárdenas & Natalia Candelo & Alejandro Gaviria & Sandra Polanía & Rajiv Sethi, 2008. "Discrimination in the Provision of Social Services to the Poor: A Field Experimental Study," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 43838, Inter-American Development Bank.
  5. Sendhil Mullainathan & Marianne Bertrand, 2001. "Do People Mean What They Say? Implications for Subjective Survey Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(2), pages 67-72, May.
  6. David Bravo Urrutia & Sergio Urzúa & Claudia Sanhueza, 2007. "An Experimental Study About Labor Market Discrimination: Gender, Social Class And Neighborhood," Working Papers wp263, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  7. Altonji, Joseph G. & Blank, Rebecca M., 1999. "Race and gender in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 48, pages 3143-3259 Elsevier.
  8. Laura Ripani & Néstor Gandelman & Hugo R. Ñopo, 2007. "Traditional Excluding Forces: A Review of the Quantitative Literature on the Economic Situation of Indigenous Peoples, Afro-Descendants, and People Living with Disability," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6854, Inter-American Development Bank.
  9. Máximo Torero & Marco Castillo & Ragan Petrie, 2008. "Ethnic and Social Barriers to Cooperation: Experiments Studying the Extent and Nature of Discrimination in Urban Peru," Research Department Publications 3246, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  10. P. A. Riach & J. Rich, 2002. "Field Experiments of Discrimination in the Market Place," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(483), pages 480-518, November.
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