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Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Guatemala from a Matching Comparisons Perspective

Author

Listed:
  • Hugo R. Ñopo
  • Alberto Gonzales

Abstract

This paper analyzes gender and ethnic wage gaps in Guatemala for the period 2000-2006, applying a matching comparisons technique, finding pronounced wage gaps along both gender and ethnic dimensions, the latter being greater. Wage gaps in Guatemala are partially explained by differences in human capital characteristics, especially education, between indigenous and non-indigenous and males and females, which calls for equalization of educational opportunities for the population. However, wage gaps are greater than differences in education would predict, which suggests the need for interventions: information campaigns to generate consciousness regarding the need to provide more equal opportunities in labor markets according to each individuals productivity.

Suggested Citation

  • Hugo R. Ñopo & Alberto Gonzales, 2008. "Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Guatemala from a Matching Comparisons Perspective," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1626, Inter-American Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:1626
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Hugo Ñopo, 2004. "The Gender Wage Gap in Peru 1986-2000: Evidence from a Matching Comparisons Approach," Económica, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, vol. 0(1-2), pages 9-37, January-D.
    2. Sauma, Pablo., 2004. "Las desigualdades étnicas y de género en el mercado de trabajo de Guatemala," ILO Working Papers 993677373402676, International Labour Organization.
    3. Alberto Chong & Hugo Ñopo, 2007. "Discrimination in Latin America: An Elephant in the Room?," Research Department Publications 4536, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    4. Carneiro, Pedro & Heckman, James J., 2003. "Human Capital Policy," IZA Discussion Papers 821, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Suzanne Duryea & Sebastián Galiani & Claudia Piras & Hugo R. Ñopo, 2007. "The Educational Gender Gap in Latin America and the Caribbean," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1594, Inter-American Development Bank.
    6. Pagan, Jose A, 2002. "Gender Differences in Labor Market Decisions in Rural Guatemala," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(3), pages 428-441, October.
    7. repec:ilo:ilowps:367737 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Enriqueta Camps & Maria Camou & Silvana Maubrigades & Natalia Mora-Sitja, 2006. "Globalization and wage inequality in South and East Asia, and Latin America: A gender approach," Economics Working Papers 970, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    9. Suzanne Duryea & Sebastian Galiani & Hugo Ñopo & Claudia Piras, 2007. "The Educational Gender Gap in Latin America and the Caribbean," Research Department Publications 4510, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Calfat, Germán & Rivas, Ana, 2008. "Fragmentation, income, gender and poverty linkages: the case of the maquila industry in Guatemala," IOB Working Papers 2008.02, Universiteit Antwerpen, Institute of Development Policy (IOB).

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