Ethnicity, Language, and Economic Well-Being in Rural Guatemala
The authors examine ethnic differences in objective and perceived economic well-being in rural Guatemala. The evidence shows that long-standing ethnic differentials in objective indicators of household economic well-being actually widened between 1988 and 1995, a period characterized by rapid economic growth rates. The authors examine the effects of a major determinant of household economic well-being in rural Guatemala, educational attainment, in accounting for ethnic and language differentials in household consumption. The results show that returns to education appears to be substantially lower for indigenous households, especially indigenous households where the head of household does not speak Spanish. Ethnic differentials in perceived economic well-being do not strictly parallel differences in objective indicators of well-being. Indigenous women with any education are more likely to report relative economic deprivation than are non-indigenous women, or latinas, controlling for objective measures of household wealth.
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- McManus, Walter & Gould, William & Welch, Finis, 1983. "Earnings of Hispanic Men: The Role of English Language Proficiency," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 1(2), pages 101-130, April.
- Robles Soto, Arodys, 1996. "Mortalidad adulta entre poblaciones indígenas y no indígenas de Guatemala y Bolivia," Notas de Población, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
- Deaton, A., 1992. "Saving and Income Smoothing in Cote d'Ivoire," Papers 156, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Development Studies.
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