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Brechas salariales por género y etnicidad en Guatemala desde una perspectiva de comparaciones emparejadas

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  • Hugo Ñopo

    ()

  • Alberto Gonzales

Abstract

En este trabajo se analizan las brechas salariales atribuibles al sexo y la etnicidad en Guatemala entre 2000 y 2006. Se hallan brechas salariales pronunciadas a lo largo tanto de dimensiones sexuales como étnicas. Las brechas salariales en Guatemala obedecen parcialmente a diferencias de características del capital humano, especialmente educación, entre grupos indígenas y no indígenas, y entre hombres y mujeres, lo que requiere la igualación de las oportunidades educacionales. Sin embargo, las brechas salariales son mayores de lo que predicen las diferencias educacionales, lo que hace pensar que la necesidad de campañas informativas para elevar la conciencia de la necesidad de igualdad de oportunidades en los mercados laborales.

Suggested Citation

  • Hugo Ñopo & Alberto Gonzales, 2008. "Brechas salariales por género y etnicidad en Guatemala desde una perspectiva de comparaciones emparejadas," Research Department Publications 4588, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4588
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alberto E. Chong & Hugo R. Ñopo, 2007. "Discrimination in Latin America: An Elephant in the Room?," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1960, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Carneiro, Pedro & Heckman, James J., 2003. "Human Capital Policy," IZA Discussion Papers 821, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Suzanne Duryea & Sebastian Galiani & Hugo Ñopo & Claudia Piras, 2007. "The Educational Gender Gap in Latin America and the Caribbean," Research Department Publications 4510, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    4. Hugo Ñopo, 2004. "The Gender Wage Gap in Peru 1986-2000: Evidence from a Matching Comparisons Approach," Económica, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, vol. 0(1-2), pages 9-37, January-D.
    5. Pagan, Jose A, 2002. "Gender Differences in Labor Market Decisions in Rural Guatemala," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(3), pages 428-441, October.
    6. Enriqueta Camps & Maria Camou & Silvana Maubrigades & Natalia Mora-Sitja, 2006. "Globalization and wage inequality in South and East Asia, and Latin America: A gender approach," Economics Working Papers 970, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
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