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Protección del empleo y flujo bruto de puestos de trabajo: un enfoque de diferencias en diferencias

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  • Alejandro Micco
  • Carmen Pagés-Serra

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) En este trabajo se analiza el efecto de la normativa de protección del empleo sobre los flujos brutos de puestos de trabajo, en una muestra de países desarrollados y en desarrollo. Al aplicar una prueba de diferencias en diferencias, reducimos la magnitud de la pronunciada característica endógena, potencialmente grave, y omitimos problemas de variables relacionados con las regresiones de un país a otro. Esta prueba se basa en la hipótesis de que la normativa de estabilidad laboral es de naturaleza más obligatoria en algunos sectores de actividad económica que en otros, dependiendo de las características de cada sector, tales como la variación de la demanda o las sacudidas tecnológicas. A diferencia del grueso de la obra publicada, nuestro análisis indica que una normativa de estabilidad laboral más estricta desacelera los flujos brutos de puestos de trabajo, y esta tendencia es más pronunciada en sectores que requieren de una mayor flexibilidad laboral. Estos efectos ocurren dentro de la muestra de países desarrollados y en desarrollo, y son de una magnitud muy grande. Además, estos efectos son valederos independientemente de las variaciones de las medidas normativas, la cuantificación de los requisitos de flexibilidad de cada sector, las variables de control y las muestras.

Suggested Citation

  • Alejandro Micco & Carmen Pagés-Serra, 2004. "Protección del empleo y flujo bruto de puestos de trabajo: un enfoque de diferencias en diferencias," Research Department Publications 4366, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4366
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