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Job Gains and Job Losses: Recent Literature and Trends

  • Alex Grey
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    This paper reviews recent literature on job gains and job losses. Economies exhibit high rates of gross job reallocation - both high levels of job gains and job losses. For the OECD nations for which data are available, total turnover averaged more than twenty per cent during the 1980s. This is a result of differing behaviour of establishments (firms) in the face of similar general economic conditions. Two streams have developed in the literature in attempting to characterize the influence of structural change on job turnover. The first sees structural turnover as continuous, and emphasizes the importance of establishment openings as the primary means through which more significant changes in an economy occur. An alternative view emphasizes the concentration of job losses stemming from structural change in cyclical downturns. The timing and pace of structural change can have an important influence on labour market policies. The behaviour of the four components of job turnover over ... Gains et pertes d'emplois : Ouvrages récents et tendances L’auteur présente un tour d’horizon des ouvrages récents qui traitent des gains et pertes d’emplois. Les économies enregistrent des taux élevés de redéploiement brut des emplois -- autrement dit des taux élevés de gains et de pertes d’emplois. Dans les pays de l’OCDE pour lesquels on dispose de données, le taux global de rotation des emplois s’est établi en moyenne à plus de 20 pour cent durant les années 80. En effet, les établissements (ou entreprises) réagissent différemment face à une situation économique similaire. Deux courants de pensée se sont développés parmi les auteurs qui ont tenté de caractériser l’influence des mutations structurelles sur la rotation des emplois. Selon le premier, la rotation structurelle des emplois est un processus continu et les créations d’établissements sont le principal moyen de diffusion de changements significatifs dans une économie. Le second courant de pensée veut que les pertes d’emplois imputables aux changements structurels se produisent ...

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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Jobs Study Working Papers with number 1.

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    Date of creation: 1995
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaac:1-en
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