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Las Reformas estructurales en América Latina: Qué se ha reformado y cómo medirlo

  • Eduardo Lora


Este documento es una actualización del trabajo original, y tiene como objeto describir y medir el avance de las reformas estructurales, utilizando para ello un índice de políticas estructurales que resume el estado de progreso de las políticas en las áreas comercial, financiera, tributaria, privatizaciones y laboral. Un artículo paralelo utiliza este índice para evaluar el efecto de las reformas estructurales sobre el crecimiento, la productividad y la inversión en América Latina. El índice se basa directamente en variables de política como las mencionadas. El índice permite comparar el estado de las distintas áreas de política dentro de un mismo país o de cada política entre países. En una escala que va de 0 a 1, el índice promedio para todos los países y todas las áreas de política estructural se encontraba en un nivel de 0,34 en 1985. Al terminar la década de los noventa llegaba a 0,58. Este cambio implica un progreso apreciable, pero también refleja el hecho de que aún queda un potencial importante por explotar.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4288.

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Date of creation: Dec 2001
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4288
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  1. Jong-Wha Lee, 1993. "International Trade, Distortions, and Long-Run Economic Growth," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 40(2), pages 299-328, June.
  2. Eduardo Lora & Ugo Panizza, 2002. "Structural Reforms in Latin America under Scrutiny," Research Department Publications 4303, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  3. Easterly, William & Loayza, Norman & Montiel, Peter, 1997. "Has Latin America's post-reform growth been disappointing?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3-4), pages 287-311, November.
  4. Sebastian Edwards, 1997. "Openness, Productivity and Growth: What Do We Really Know?," NBER Working Papers 5978, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Peter J. Montiel & Eduardo Fernández-Arias, 1997. "Reform and Growth in Latin America: all Pain, no Gain?," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6801, Inter-American Development Bank.
  6. Jeffrey Sachs & Andrew Warner, 1995. "Economic Reform and the Progress of Global Integration," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1733, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  7. Dani Rodrik, 1996. "Understanding Economic Policy Reform," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 34(1), pages 9-41, March.
  8. Francisco Rodriguez & Dani Rodrik, 1999. "Trade Policy and Economic Growth: A Skeptic's Guide to Cross-National Evidence," NBER Working Papers 7081, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. repec:umd:umdeco:rodriguez9901 is not listed on IDEAS
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