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Loyal Lenders or Fickle Financiers: Foreign Banks in Latin America

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  • Galindo, Arturo
  • Micco, Alejandro
  • Powell, Andrew

Abstract

We suggest that foreign banks may represent a trade-off for their developing country hosts. A portfolio model is developed to show that a more diversified international bank may be one of lower, overall risk and less susceptible to funding shocks but may react more to shocks that affect expected returns in a particular host country. Foreign banks have become particularly important in Latin America where we find strong support for these theoretical predictions using a dataset of individual Latin American banks in 11 countries. Moreover, we find no significant difference between the size of the response of foreign banks to a negative liquidity shock and a positive opportunity shock: in both cases the market share of foreign banks in credit increases.

Suggested Citation

  • Galindo, Arturo & Micco, Alejandro & Powell, Andrew, 2011. "Loyal Lenders or Fickle Financiers: Foreign Banks in Latin America," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1934, Inter-American Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:1934
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    2. Caballero, Julian & Panizza, Ugo & Powell, Andrew, 2015. "The second wave of global liquidity: Why are firms acting like financial intermediaries?," CEPR Discussion Papers 10926, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Linda S. Goldberg, 2005. "The International Exposure of U.S. Banks," NBER Working Papers 11365, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Micco, Alejandro & Panizza, Ugo, 2006. "Bank ownership and lending behavior," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 93(2), pages 248-254, November.
    5. Alejandro Micco & Ugo Panizza, 2004. "Propiedad de la banca y conducta crediticia," Research Department Publications 4386, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    6. Luis Cabezas & Alejandro Jara & Faruk Miguel, 2017. "Exposición internacional de la banca en Chile: características y riesgos," Notas de Investigación Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 20(3), pages 102-118, December.
    7. Jose A. Lopez & Mark M. Spiegel, 2006. "Foreign bank lending and bond underwriting in Japan during the lost decade," Working Paper Series 2006-45, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    8. Wu, Ji & Chen, Minghua & Jeon, Bang Nam & Wang, Rui, 2017. "Does foreign bank penetration affect the risk of domestic banks? Evidence from emerging economies," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 45-61.
    9. Meriem Haouat & Diego N. Moccero & Ramiro Sosa Navarro, 2012. "Foreign Banks and Credit Volatility: The Case of Latin American Countries," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(5), pages 1017-1033, November.

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