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The Location of Japanese MNCs Affiliates: Agglomeration Spillovers and Firm Heterogeneity

  • Inui, Tomohiko
  • Matsuura, Toshiyuki
  • Pocet, Sandra

This study examines the determinants of location choices of foreign affiliates by manufacturing Japanese firms, using a new data set that matches parents and their affiliates created over the years 1995-2003. The analysis is based on new economic geography theory and thus focuses on the effect of market and supplier access, as well as production and trade costs. Our interest is twofold. First, we investigate the importance of agglomeration and spillover effects on the firms' decision through the use of proxies relating to the presence of Japanese affiliates in the host countries as well as to that of Japanese multinational firms at home. Overall, our results confirm the economic importance of information sharing and network effects both at home and in the host country beside traditional determinants pertaining to production and transaction costs and access and supply access. Second, we explore whether the effects of key determinants of locational choice vary substantially depending on the characteristics of the investing firm and the plant. We find less productive and smaller parents to be more likely to create an affiliate in China rather than in Western Europe or an OECD country. Moreover less productive firms appear to be more sensitive to distance-related costs and low institutional quality while being more responsive to the presence of Japanese firms and JETRO presence in the host country.

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File URL: http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/15911/1/DP506.pdf
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Paper provided by Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series Discussion Paper Series with number a506.

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Length: 35 p.
Date of creation: Aug 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hit:hituec:a506
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  1. Paprzycki,Ralph & Fukao,Kyoji, 2008. "Foreign Direct Investment in Japan," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521873680, Junio.
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  25. Head, Keith & Ries, John & Swenson, Deborah, 1995. "Agglomeration benefits and location choice: Evidence from Japanese manufacturing investments in the United States," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3-4), pages 223-247, May.
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