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Determinants of FDI Location in Egypt: Empirical Analysis Using Governorate Panel Data

Listed author(s):
  • Shima’a Hanafy

    ()

    (Philipps-University Marburg, Germany)

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    We empirically analyze the determinants of inward foreign direct investment (FDI) in Egypt employing a novel panel dataset of 26 Egyptian governorates for the period 1992–2008. Using the case of Arab FDI to Egypt, we also investigate whether FDI location determinants are different depending on the similarity of culture and language between FDI source and host region. Our results indicate that domestic private investment, well-functioning Free Zones, and labor abundance positively affect FDI location. In contrast to results from other countries, we do not find a significant effect of concentration of previous FDI stocks on the location of inward FDI. Moreover, regional investment preferential policies in Egypt ? with the exception of Free Zones ? do not affect the unequal spatial FDI distribution. Finally, we find that the location of Arab FDI inflows to Egypt is not sensitive to the usual determinants. Arab investors are more willing to invest in less investment-agglomerated areas and less affected by economic considerations and incentives.

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    Paper provided by Economic Research Forum in its series Working Papers with number 875.

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    Length: 30
    Date of creation: Nov 2014
    Date of revision: Nov 2014
    Publication status: Published by The Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:875
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