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Bioeconomic Model of Community Incentives for Wildlife Management Before and After CAMPFIRE

Author

Listed:
  • Fischer, Carolyn

    (Resources for the Future (RFF),)

  • Muchapondwa, Edwin

    (Department of Economics, University of Zimbabwe)

  • Sterner, Thomas

    (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University)

Abstract

This paper formulates a bioeconomic model to analyze community incentives for wildlife management under benefit-sharing programs like the Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE) in Zimbabwe. Two agents influence the wildlife stock: a parks agency determines hunting quotas, and a local community chooses to either aid or discourage outside poachers. Wildlife generates revenues from hunting licenses and tourism; it also intrudes on local agriculture. We consider two benefit-sharing regimes: shares of wildlife tourism rents and shares of hunting licenses. Resource sharing does not necessarily improve community welfare or incentives for wildlife conservation. Results depend on the exact design of the benefit shares, the size of the benefits compared with agricultural losses, and the way in which the parks agency sets hunting licenses.

Suggested Citation

  • Fischer, Carolyn & Muchapondwa, Edwin & Sterner, Thomas, 2009. "Bioeconomic Model of Community Incentives for Wildlife Management Before and After CAMPFIRE," Working Papers in Economics 410, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunwpe:0410
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/21506
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Vallino, Elena & Aldahsev,Gani, 2013. "NGOs and participatory conservation in developing countries: why are there inefficiencies?," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers 201318, University of Turin.
    2. Chiedza Ngonidzashe Mutanga & Never Muboko & Edson Gandiwa, 2017. "Protected area staff and local community viewpoints: A qualitative assessment of conservation relationships in Zimbabwe," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 12(5), pages 1-21, May.
    3. Lee, Deborah E. & Du Preez, Mario, 2016. "Determining visitor preferences for rhinoceros conservation management at private, ecotourism game reserves in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa: A choice modeling experiment," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 106-116.
    4. Astrid Zabel & Karen Pittel & Göran Bostedt & Stefanie Engel, 2011. "Comparing Conventional and New Policy Approaches for Carnivore Conservation: Theoretical Results and Application to Tiger Conservation," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 48(2), pages 287-301, February.
    5. Zareena Begum. I & Amanat K. Gill, 2014. "Analyzing the Pathway to Improve Tiger Conservation in India," Working Papers 2014-090, Madras School of Economics,Chennai,India.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bioeconomic; CAMPFIRE; community; poaching; wildlife; benefit sharing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General

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