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Nuisible ou gibier? Une analyse économique de la chasse des grands animaux en France

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  • Ropars-Collet, Carole

Abstract

L’augmentation des populations de grands gibiers en France, notamment le sanglier, a eu pour conséquence une augmentation des dommages collectifs. Pour autant, cette espèce n’est pas considérée uniquement comme nuisible puisqu’elle est valorisée par la pratique de la chasse. L’article se propose de caractériser l’optimum collectif en mobilisant le cadre de l’économie des ressources naturelles. La densité optimale des populations de gibier est définie à partir d’un modèle bioéconomique, qui prend en compte l’ensemble des coûts et bénéfices afférents à la chasse et à la présence de gibier. Elle est comparée à celle qui correspond à l’optimum des chasseurs avec droits de propriété sur la ressource, puis à la « tragédie des communs ». Ce cadre analytique permet une interprétation économique de l’évolution de la chasse en France et du contexte institutionnel et législatif. Le modèle développé permet ensuite de discuter des politiques cynégétiques à mettre en place et des recommandations en matière d’instrumentation économique de ces politiques.

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  • Ropars-Collet, Carole, 2012. "Nuisible ou gibier? Une analyse économique de la chasse des grands animaux en France," Revue d'Etudes en Agriculture et Environnement, Editions NecPlus, vol. 92(02), pages 161-181, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:nec:raestu:v:92:y:2012:i:02:p:161-181_00
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    1. Abildtrup, Jens & Jensen, Frank, 2014. "The regulation of hunting: A game population based tax on hunters," Revue d'Etudes en Agriculture et Environnement, Editions NecPlus, vol. 95(03), pages 281-298, September.
    2. Jens Abildtrup & Frank Jensen, 2012. "The Regulation of Hunting: A Population Tax," IFRO Working Paper 2012/2, University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q57 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Ecological Economics

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